Support was provided by grant R01 MH070689 from the National Institute of Mental Health to Luis H. Zayas. Additional support came from the Center for Latino Family Research.
Familism, Family Environment, and Suicide Attempts among Latina Youth
Article first published online: 4 APR 2011
© 2011 The American Association of Suicidology
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
Volume 41, Issue 3, pages 330–341, June 2011
How to Cite
Peña, . J. B., Kuhlberg, . J. A., Zayas, . L. H., Baumann, . A. A., Gulbas, L., Hausmann-Stabile, C. and Nolle, . A. P. (2011), Familism, Family Environment, and Suicide Attempts among Latina Youth. Suicide and Life-Threat Behavi, 41: 330–341. doi: 10.1111/j.1943-278X.2011.00032.x
- Issue published online: 7 JUN 2011
- Article first published online: 4 APR 2011
- Manuscript Received: May 27, 2010 Revision Accepted: August 10, 2010
In this study, we examined the relationship between familism and family environment type as well as the relationship between family environment type and suicide attempts among Latina youth. Latina teen attempters (n = 109) and nonattempters (n = 107) were recruited from the New York City area. Latent class analysis revealed three family environment types: tight-knit, intermediate-knit, and loose-knit. Tight-knit families (high cohesion and low conflict) were significantly less likely to have teens who attempted suicide as compared with intermediate-knit families or loose-knit families. Moreover, familism increased the odds of being in a tight-knit family versus a loose-knit family and the odds of being in a tight-knit family versus a intermediate-knit. The results suggest that familism may protect against suicide behavior among Latinas via its influence on family environment.