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Familism, Family Environment, and Suicide Attempts among Latina Youth

Authors

  • Juan B. Peña PhD,

    1. Juan B. Peña, Jill A. Kuhlberg, Luis H. Zayas, Ana A. Baumann, LaurenGulbas, CarolinaHausmann-Stabile, Allyson P. Nolle, George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA.
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  • Jill A. Kuhlberg MSW,

    1. Juan B. Peña, Jill A. Kuhlberg, Luis H. Zayas, Ana A. Baumann, LaurenGulbas, CarolinaHausmann-Stabile, Allyson P. Nolle, George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA.
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  • Luis H. Zayas PhD,

    1. Juan B. Peña, Jill A. Kuhlberg, Luis H. Zayas, Ana A. Baumann, LaurenGulbas, CarolinaHausmann-Stabile, Allyson P. Nolle, George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA.
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  • Ana A. Baumann PhD,

    1. Juan B. Peña, Jill A. Kuhlberg, Luis H. Zayas, Ana A. Baumann, LaurenGulbas, CarolinaHausmann-Stabile, Allyson P. Nolle, George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA.
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  • Lauren Gulbas PhD,

    1. Juan B. Peña, Jill A. Kuhlberg, Luis H. Zayas, Ana A. Baumann, LaurenGulbas, CarolinaHausmann-Stabile, Allyson P. Nolle, George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA.
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  • Carolina Hausmann-Stabile MSW,

    1. Juan B. Peña, Jill A. Kuhlberg, Luis H. Zayas, Ana A. Baumann, LaurenGulbas, CarolinaHausmann-Stabile, Allyson P. Nolle, George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA.
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  • Allyson P. Nolle MSW

    1. Juan B. Peña, Jill A. Kuhlberg, Luis H. Zayas, Ana A. Baumann, LaurenGulbas, CarolinaHausmann-Stabile, Allyson P. Nolle, George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA.
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  • Support was provided by grant R01 MH070689 from the National Institute of Mental Health to Luis H. Zayas. Additional support came from the Center for Latino Family Research.

Address correspondence to Juan B. Peña, Washington University in St. Louis, Campus Box 1196, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130-4899; E-mail: jpena@wustl.edu

Abstract

In this study, we examined the relationship between familism and family environment type as well as the relationship between family environment type and suicide attempts among Latina youth. Latina teen attempters (= 109) and nonattempters (= 107) were recruited from the New York City area. Latent class analysis revealed three family environment types: tight-knit, intermediate-knit, and loose-knit. Tight-knit families (high cohesion and low conflict) were significantly less likely to have teens who attempted suicide as compared with intermediate-knit families or loose-knit families. Moreover, familism increased the odds of being in a tight-knit family versus a loose-knit family and the odds of being in a tight-knit family versus a intermediate-knit. The results suggest that familism may protect against suicide behavior among Latinas via its influence on family environment.

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