The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and are not intended to represent the official policy or position of the Department of the Navy, Department of Defense, or any other U.S. Government organization.
Suicidal or Self-Harming Ideation in Military Personnel Transitioning to Civilian Life
Article first published online: 20 MAY 2011
© 2011 The American Association of Suicidology
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
Volume 41, Issue 4, pages 392–405, August 2011
How to Cite
Mansfield, . A. J., Bender, . R. H., Hourani, . L. L. and Larson, . G. E. (2011), Suicidal or Self-Harming Ideation in Military Personnel Transitioning to Civilian Life. Suicide and Life-Threat Behavi, 41: 392–405. doi: 10.1111/j.1943-278X.2011.00039.x
The authors wish to express their sincere gratitude to Russ Peeler, BeLinda Weimer, Michael Bradshaw, Carolyn Reyes, Carrie Borst, and Jennifer Iriondo-Perez from RTI for their valuable assistance to this project.
- Issue published online: 5 AUG 2011
- Article first published online: 20 MAY 2011
- Manuscript Received: January 8, 2010 Revision Accepted: February 23, 2010
Suicides have markedly increased among military personnel in recent years. We used path analysis to examine factors associated with suicidal/self-harming ideation among male Navy and Marine Corps personnel transitioning to civilian life. Roughly 7% of men (Sailors = 5.3%, Marines = 9.0%) reported ideation during the previous 30 days. Results suggest that combat exposure, substance abuse, and resilience are associated with suicidal ideation/self-harming thoughts through the mediation of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and/or depression symptoms. Substance abuse plays a moderating role. Resilience had a direct effect only among the Marines. Implications for improving the transition to civilian life are discussed.