Ecstasy Use and Suicidal Behavior among Adolescents: Findings from a National Survey

Authors

  • Jueun Kim PhD,

    1. JueunKim,NancyKerner,PingWu, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA; BinFan, PingWu, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, USA; and XinhuaLiu,PingWu, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.
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  • Bin Fan MD,

    1. JueunKim,NancyKerner,PingWu, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA; BinFan, PingWu, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, USA; and XinhuaLiu,PingWu, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.
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  • Xinhua Liu PhD,

    1. JueunKim,NancyKerner,PingWu, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA; BinFan, PingWu, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, USA; and XinhuaLiu,PingWu, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.
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  • Nancy Kerner MD,

    1. JueunKim,NancyKerner,PingWu, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA; BinFan, PingWu, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, USA; and XinhuaLiu,PingWu, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.
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  • Ping Wu PhD

    1. JueunKim,NancyKerner,PingWu, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA; BinFan, PingWu, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, USA; and XinhuaLiu,PingWu, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.
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  • Work on this paper was supported by a grant to the last author from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01 DA020733). We also thank Cordelia Fuller for her assistance with the preparation of the literature review and with the editing of the manuscript.

Address correspondence to Ping Wu, Departments of Psychiatry and Epidemiology, Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 43, New York, NY 10032; E-mail: wup@childpsych.columbia.edu

Abstract

The relationship between ecstasy use and suicidal behavior among adolescents in the United States was examined. Data from the adolescent subsample (ages 12–17, = 19,301) of the 2000 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse were used in the analyses. Information on adolescent substance use, suicidal behaviors, and related sociodemographic, family, and individual factors was obtained in the survey. The rate of past year suicide attempt among adolescents with lifetime ecstasy use was almost double that of adolescents who had used other drugs only, and nine times that of adolescents with no history of illicit drug use. In multinomial logistic regression analyses controlling for related factors, the effect of ecstasy use remained significant. Adolescent ecstasy users may require enhanced suicide prevention and intervention efforts.

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