The project was supported by a grant from the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, CDC grant R49 CE000258 and NIMH grant R01-MH64632.
High School Bullying as a Risk for Later Depression and Suicidality
Article first published online: 27 JUL 2011
© 2011 The American Association of Suicidology
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
Volume 41, Issue 5, pages 501–516, October 2011
How to Cite
Klomek, . A. B. , Kleinman, M., Altschuler, E., Marrocco, F., Amakawa, L. and Gould, . M. S. (2011), High School Bullying as a Risk for Later Depression and Suicidality. Suicide and Life-Threat Behavi, 41: 501–516. doi: 10.1111/j.1943-278X.2011.00046.x
- Issue published online: 4 OCT 2011
- Article first published online: 27 JUL 2011
- Manuscript Received: December 11, 2010 Revision Accepted: April 21, 2011
This is the first study to examine whether high school students experiencing frequent bullying behaviors are at risk for later depression and suicidality. A total of 236 students who reported frequent bullying behavior without depression or suicidality during a suicide screening were interviewed 4 years later to reassess depression, suicidal ideation, attempts, substance problems, and functional impairment and were compared to at-risk youth identified during the screen, including 96 youth who also experienced bullying behavior. Youth who only reported frequent bullying behaviors (as bullies, victims, or both) did not develop later depression or suicidality and continued to have fewer psychiatric problems than students identified as at-risk for suicide. Students who experienced bullying behaviors and depression or suicidality were more impaired 4 years later than those who had only reported depression or suicidality. Thus, assessment of bullying behaviors in screening protocols is recommended.