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Nonlinear Dynamics: Theoretical Perspectives and Application to Suicidology

Authors

  • Günter Schiepek PhD,

    1. GünterSchiepek,ReinholdFartacek, Institute of Synergetics and Psychotherapy Research, Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg, Austria; ClemensFartacek,JosefSturm,MartinPlöderl,KarlKralovec, Suicide Prevention Research Program, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria; ClemensFartacek,KarlKralovec,ReinholdFartacek,MartinPlöderl, Department of Suicide Prevention, University Clinic of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy I, Salzburg, Austria.
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  • Clemens Fartacek MS,

    1. GünterSchiepek,ReinholdFartacek, Institute of Synergetics and Psychotherapy Research, Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg, Austria; ClemensFartacek,JosefSturm,MartinPlöderl,KarlKralovec, Suicide Prevention Research Program, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria; ClemensFartacek,KarlKralovec,ReinholdFartacek,MartinPlöderl, Department of Suicide Prevention, University Clinic of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy I, Salzburg, Austria.
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  • Josef Sturm MS,

    1. GünterSchiepek,ReinholdFartacek, Institute of Synergetics and Psychotherapy Research, Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg, Austria; ClemensFartacek,JosefSturm,MartinPlöderl,KarlKralovec, Suicide Prevention Research Program, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria; ClemensFartacek,KarlKralovec,ReinholdFartacek,MartinPlöderl, Department of Suicide Prevention, University Clinic of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy I, Salzburg, Austria.
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  • Karl Kralovec MD,

    1. GünterSchiepek,ReinholdFartacek, Institute of Synergetics and Psychotherapy Research, Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg, Austria; ClemensFartacek,JosefSturm,MartinPlöderl,KarlKralovec, Suicide Prevention Research Program, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria; ClemensFartacek,KarlKralovec,ReinholdFartacek,MartinPlöderl, Department of Suicide Prevention, University Clinic of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy I, Salzburg, Austria.
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  • Reinhold Fartacek MD,

    1. GünterSchiepek,ReinholdFartacek, Institute of Synergetics and Psychotherapy Research, Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg, Austria; ClemensFartacek,JosefSturm,MartinPlöderl,KarlKralovec, Suicide Prevention Research Program, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria; ClemensFartacek,KarlKralovec,ReinholdFartacek,MartinPlöderl, Department of Suicide Prevention, University Clinic of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy I, Salzburg, Austria.
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  • Martin Plöderl PhD

    1. GünterSchiepek,ReinholdFartacek, Institute of Synergetics and Psychotherapy Research, Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg, Austria; ClemensFartacek,JosefSturm,MartinPlöderl,KarlKralovec, Suicide Prevention Research Program, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria; ClemensFartacek,KarlKralovec,ReinholdFartacek,MartinPlöderl, Department of Suicide Prevention, University Clinic of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy I, Salzburg, Austria.
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Address correspondence to M. Plöderl, Department of Suicide Prevention, Ignaz-Harrer-Str. 79, 5020-Salzburg, Austria; E-mail: m.ploederl@salk.at

Abstract

Despite decades of research, the prediction of suicidal behavior remains limited. As a result, searching for more specific risk factors and testing their predictive power are central in suicidology. This strategy may be of limited value because it assumes linearity to the suicidal process that is most likely nonlinear by nature and which can be more adequately described and analyzed with nonlinear dynamics. The goal of moving nonlinear dynamics from theory to practice and to real-world phenomena can now be realized with Internet-based monitoring systems such as the Synergetic Navigation System.

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