Supported, in part, by USPHS Grants MH-26341 and MH-068688 from the National Institute of Mental Health, USA (Dr. Harrow).
Are There Gender-Specific Risk Factors for Suicidal Activity among Patients with Schizophrenia and Depression?
Article first published online: 31 AUG 2012
© 2012 The American Association of Suicidology
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
Volume 42, Issue 6, pages 614–627, December 2012
How to Cite
Kaplan, K. J., Harrow, M. and Faull, R. N. (2012), Are There Gender-Specific Risk Factors for Suicidal Activity among Patients with Schizophrenia and Depression?. Suicide and Life-Threat Behavi, 42: 614–627. doi: 10.1111/j.1943-278X.2012.00116.x
- Issue published online: 6 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 31 AUG 2012
- Manuscript Received: December 7, 2011 Revision Accepted: May 30, 2012
Are there gender-specific risk factors for suicidal activity among patients with schizophrenia and depression? A total of 74 schizophrenia patients (51 men, 23 women) and 77 unipolar nonpsychotic depressed patients (26 men, 51 women) from the Chicago Follow-up Study were studied prospectively at 2 years posthospitalization and again at 7.5 years. Poor early posthospital global functioning is significantly associated with later suicidal activity only for men in both our schizophrenia and depressive samples. Early display of psychotic symptoms is associated with later suicidal activity among male schizophrenia patients. Early cognitive impairment is not significantly associated with later suicidal activity for any of the four groups of patients. The study results must be seen as exploratory and will hopefully spur future research on this important topic.