Latina Adolescent Suicide Ideations and Attempts: Associations with Connectedness to Parents, Peers, and Teachers

Authors

  • Susan M. De Luca PhD,

    1. Susan M. De Luca, Assistant Professor, School of Social Work, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA; Peter Wyman, Professor, Dept. of Psychiatry, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA, and Keith Warren, Associate Professor, College of Social Work, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.
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  • Peter Wyman PhD,

    1. Susan M. De Luca, Assistant Professor, School of Social Work, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA; Peter Wyman, Professor, Dept. of Psychiatry, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA, and Keith Warren, Associate Professor, College of Social Work, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.
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  • Keith Warren PhD

    1. Susan M. De Luca, Assistant Professor, School of Social Work, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA; Peter Wyman, Professor, Dept. of Psychiatry, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA, and Keith Warren, Associate Professor, College of Social Work, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.
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Address correspondence to Susan M. De Luca, The University of Texas at Austin, School of Social Work, 1925 San Jacinto Blvd., Stop D3500, Austin, TX 78712; E-mail: sdeluca@austin.utexas.edu

Abstract

Associations between suicidal behavior and social-ecological variables were examined among 1,618 Latina high school students (mean age = 15) from the nationally representative Add Health sample (68% were U.S.-born). Ideations were associated with having a suicidal friend, lower perceived father support, and overall parental caring. Attempts were associated with having a suicidal friend, and lower perceived teacher and parental support. Peer and mother relationship variables were not predictors of ideations or attempts. The protective role of father and teacher support has not previously been emphasized in the literature. Strengthening connections to parents and teachers may reduce suicidal behavior in adolescent Latinas.

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