ABSTRACT: In this paper, delivered at the 1967 Annual Meeting of ACTFL in Chicago, it is claimed that the relationship between linguists and language teachers has been tainted with excessive claims on the part of some linguists and with servile imitation or misunderstanding on the part of some teachers, that the school of linguistic thought that created applied linguistics is being seriously challenged on theoretical grounds, and that the relevance of the new generative transformational grammar for language teaching is not yet apparent. On the positive side, it is noted that recent studies in linguistic theory and psycholinguistics tend to broaden our understanding of language and language learning, and that teachers who are willing to study it may contribute to this understanding and develop with linguists a relationship based on mutual respect and collaboration, rather than ignorant hostility or slavish bandwagoneering.