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ABSTRACT: In this survey of State certification practices and requirements for modern foreign languages, an attempt has been made not only to report the standard credit and hour requirements for various certificates and endorsements, but also to call attention to, and suggest the significance of, developments such as the “approved program” option, proficiency testing, FLES, reciprocity, licensing for differentiated staffing, and State-municipality relationships. The Modern Language Association of America last sponsored a study of this nature just ten years ago.