ABSTRACT The principles and techniques most appropriate for carrying on pattern practice are not advantageous for encouraging conversational facility in the foreign language. Teacher behaviors for pattern-practice drills and other partial-skills exercises are made explicit in the voluminous teachers' manuals which accompany many modern textbooks. If a teacher follows them carefully, he can expect a measure of success during the rapid-fire structural-exercises part of the class. He should not, however, use these same techniques when his goal is to have students converse. If students are to develop the ability to converse, time must be set aside, during each class period, in which they are encouraged to express their feelings, tastes, and desires in the foreign language. The teacher's behavior is the key to the success or failure in this domain. Students who express themselves in the foreign language are more motivated to develop reading and writing skills as well. The raison d'tre of this article is to explain certain techniques which will help teachers to encourage active student use of the foreign language and therefore motivate students in their foreign language study.