ABSTRACT Research suggests that the primary mode of language acquisition is listening. There is evidence that promoting listening comprehension skills before focusing on oral skills results in increased acquisition. Therefore, teachers should structure classroom activities so that students first understand before they speak. Activities in which students make aural discriminations are beneficial in developing and practicing receptive mastery of new material. Activities in which students are asked to follow directions, use aural cues, and use visual media are all helpful in developing and reinforcing students' ability to comprehend their new language.