ABSTRACT: Modern language classroom goals and processes are enjoying new attention and increased scrutiny as a result of recent political and professional factors including: (1) the recommendations of the President's Commission report in 1979, (2) various national studies and local follow-up assessments of the effectiveness of secondary schools and educational programs, and (3) the recent development of ACTFL provisional guidelines and the training of examiners in the use of the oral proficiency interview. This article describes a research study of existing priorities of teachers as a step in analyzing their compatibility with changing directions in modern language education, especially in relation to the emerging focus on proficiency.