Jerry G. Gebhard (Ed.D., Teachers College, Columbia University) is Assistant Professor of English in the Graduate Program in Rhetoric and Linguistics at Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA.
Beyond Prescription: The Student Teacher as Investigator
Article first published online: 31 DEC 2008
© 1987 American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages
Foreign Language Annals
Volume 20, Issue 3, pages 227–232, May 1987
How to Cite
Gebhard, J. G., Gaitan, S. and Oprandy, R. (1987), Beyond Prescription: The Student Teacher as Investigator. Foreign Language Annals, 20: 227–232. doi: 10.1111/j.1944-9720.1987.tb02949.x
- Issue published online: 31 DEC 2008
- Article first published online: 31 DEC 2008
ABSTRACT In preservice foreign/second language teacher preparation programs, prescriptions about how to teach have certain limitations. The most outstanding is that direct transfer of information does not necessarily afford student teachers chances to gain insight into how they can investigate their teaching processes and make decisions about what they can do in classrooms after the teacher preparation program has ended.
In this paper we present a multiple-activities approach to teacher preparation through which student teachers are provided with opportunities to investigate their teaching and to make decisions about what and how to teach. In this approach student teachers experience classroom teaching, observe other teachers, conduct investigative projects of their teaching and its consequences, and discuss teaching in several contexts.
A multiple-activities approach has been shown to provide student teachers with opportunities to develop their decision-making skills. However, communication within these activities is complex and opportunities for student teachers to develop decisionmaking skills can be blocked as well as facilitated through the type of interaction which goes on within and across each activity. Thus, in our discussion we are sensitive to interaction within each activity and to the connections which can be made between them.