Lotus 123 as a Gradebook: A Means of Increasing Teacher Productivity


  • Karen L. Smith

    1. The University of Arizona
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      Karen L. Smith (Ph. D., The University of Texas at Austin) is Assistant Professor of Psycholinguistics at the University of Arizona, Tbcson, AZ.


ABSTRACT  This paper describes use of a powerful commercial spreadsheet program, Lotus 1–2-3, to design a computerized gradebook for foreign language classes. Reduction in teacher time spent on grade calculation, convenience of frequent and detailed feedback to students, enhanced accuracy, and efficiency are discussed as benefits ofcomputerized gradebooks.