An Investigation of the Construct Validity of the ACTFL Proficiency Guidelines and Oral Interview Procedure


  • Patricia Dandonoli,

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      Patricia Dandonoli (A.B., Clark University) was, at the time of this research, Development and Projects Consultant to ACTFL. She was Project Director of the described study.

  • Grant Henning

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      Grant Henning (Ph. D., U.C.L.A.) is Senior Research Scientist, Division of Cognitive and Assessment Research at Educational Testing Service. He was Senior Technical Consultant to this project.


ABSTRACT: This article reports on the results of research conducted by ACTFL on the construct validity of the ACTFL Proficiency Guidelines and oral interview procedure. A multitrait-multimethod validation study formed the basis of the research design and analysis, which included tests of speaking, writing, listening, and reading in French and English as a Second Language. Results from Rasch analyses are also reported. In general, the results provide strong support for the use of the Guidelines as a foundation for the development of proficiency tests and for the reliability and validity of the Oral Proficiency Interview. The paper includes a detailed description of the research methodology, instrumentation, data analyses, and results. A discussion of the results and suggestions for further research are also included.