From Input to Output: Communication-Based Teaching Techniques


  • Erwin Tschirner

    1. University of Iowa
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      Erwin Tschirner (Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley) is Assistant Professor of German at The University of Iowa, Iowa City.


ABSTRACT  Communication-based activities which guide students from input to output offer advocates of both communicative-and structure-oriented approaches the opportunity to foster accurate, yet communicative, language skills in the target language. This article outlines communication-based teaching techniques that lead students from input to output in a stimulating and motivating learning environment. Four input and four output activity types are presented. Whereas input activities are most useful for the presentation of speech acts, vocabulary, and grammatical structures, output activities are valuable for the recycling and fine-tuning of previously introduced speech acts, vocabulary, and grammar, and for expanding students' productive skills.