University of Michigan is Associate Research Scientist at the Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan and Adjunct Professor of Communication and Education at the University of Michigan.
Scaffolding Second Language Communicative Discourse with Teacher-Controlled Multimedia
Article first published online: 31 DEC 2008
© 1995 American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages
Foreign Language Annals
Volume 28, Issue 3, pages 315–329, October 1995
How to Cite
Johnston, J. and Milne, L. (1995), Scaffolding Second Language Communicative Discourse with Teacher-Controlled Multimedia. Foreign Language Annals, 28: 315–329. doi: 10.1111/j.1944-9720.1995.tb00801.x
- Issue published online: 31 DEC 2008
- Article first published online: 31 DEC 2008
ABSTRACT Providing examples of authentic target-language discourse is a challenge for teachers of first- and second-level foreign language courses. The Teacher's Partner is a multimedia tool that assists the teacher by presenting communicative exchanges among native speakers. Compared to videotape, this computer-mediated videodisc permits more precise control over video segmentation–essential for the limited language decoding skills of novice learners. The computer also provides contextualized textual and graphical resources, including a hypertext transcript that will reveal word and phrase definitions and selective grammatical explanations in the target language.
The use of the Teacher's Partner influenced the nature of classroom discourse in a French 1 and French 2 class. Year-long research analyzing classroom interaction patterns showed increased use of communicative discourse by a teacher and students in those class periods when the Teacher's Partner was used by the teacher (an increase of 39 percent in French 1 and 55 percent in French 2.) Reflections by the teacher provide a rationale for how this tool scaffolded teacher-student discourse. The challenge of integrating advanced technology into classroom settings is discussed.