Peter D. MacIntyre (Ph.D., Western Ontario University) is Assistant Professor of Psychology at the University College of Cape Breton, Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Using Social-psychological Variables to Predict The Use of Language Learning Strategies
Article first published online: 31 DEC 2008
© 1996 American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages
Foreign Language Annals
Volume 29, Issue 3, pages 373–386, October 1996
How to Cite
MacIntyre, P. D. and Noels, K. A. (1996), Using Social-psychological Variables to Predict The Use of Language Learning Strategies. Foreign Language Annals, 29: 373–386. doi: 10.1111/j.1944-9720.1996.tb01249.x
- Issue published online: 31 DEC 2008
- Article first published online: 31 DEC 2008
ABSTRACT Much of the interest in language learning strategies stems from the findings that such strategies facilitate language learning and may be teachable; however, several authors have concluded that students do not use as many strategies as they could. A recent social-psychological model proposes that strategy use depends on knowledge of appropriate strategies, having a reason to use them, and having nothing to prevent their use. The present study attempted to use variables defined by this model to predict the frequency of use for 50 language learning strategies. Results showed that, on average, the model accounted for 60 percent of the variance in strategy use and that all three components of the model were supported for 72 percent of the strategies. Further analyses revealed that integrative motivation and language anxiety play a role in overall strategy use and the use of certain types of strategies, as well as the ratings of knowledge, effectiveness, difficulty, and anxiety caused by strategy use.