Ünal Norman (Ph. D., Ankara University) is Associate Professor of English Language and Literature in the Department of Foreign Language Education at the Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey.
Promoting Spontaneous Speech in the EFL Class
Version of Record online: 31 DEC 2008
© 1996 American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages
Foreign Language Annals
Volume 29, Issue 4, pages 597–604, December 1996
How to Cite
Norman, Ü. (1996), Promoting Spontaneous Speech in the EFL Class. Foreign Language Annals, 29: 597–604. doi: 10.1111/j.1944-9720.1996.tb01271.x
- Issue online: 31 DEC 2008
- Version of Record online: 31 DEC 2008
ABSTRACT A common concern of teachers of English as a second or foreign language is how to stimulate their students to use English in spontaneous speech beyond the mechanical level of many textbooks. This article outlines a set of classroom activities to promote Free oral interaction for EFL students at the intermediate level. Basically, an initial stage of individual preparation is recommended in order to give the students some confidence to use English Freely in class. The responsibility of searching for topics and preparing the groundwork for class discussions rests with the students. The materials suggested for various class activities are newspapers, short articles, poems, and scenes From plays, which provide the students with a more authentic medium of language than the EFL textbooks. The teacher's function is to inform the students about possible resources, lay down the ground rules, and encourage Freedom of speech. These activities satisfy not only their need to use English in meaningful exchanges but also their intellects.