Suzanne Q. Hoffman (Ph.D. candidate, University of South Alabama) is a graduate student in instructional design and a graduate assistant in curriculum and instruction.
Field Dependence/Independence in Second Language Acquisition1 and Implications for Educators and Instructional Designers
Article first published online: 31 DEC 2008
© 1997 American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages
Foreign Language Annals
Volume 30, Issue 2, pages 222–234, May 1997
How to Cite
Hoffman, S. Q. (1997), Field Dependence/Independence in Second Language Acquisition1 and Implications for Educators and Instructional Designers. Foreign Language Annals, 30: 222–234. doi: 10.1111/j.1944-9720.1997.tb02344.x
- Issue published online: 31 DEC 2008
- Article first published online: 31 DEC 2008
ABSTRACT The question of whether the relationship between field dependence/independence (FD/I) and second language acquisition is significant is discussed in this three-part paper. Introductory material defining FD/I within the context of second language acquisition (SLA) is covered in the first section. The second section is a brief review of relevant research that has been conducted in FD/I and SLA. The final section is a discussion of the implications of the research conducted for educators and instructional designers. Topics in the final section include the use of knowledge of learners' FD/I for guidance, the impact of matching of instructors' and learners' FD/I on student performance, practical application of field independent and field dependent methods in formal learning situations, and problems associated with tests of FD/I and language proficiency.