Deborah L. Shultz (MEd, Pennsylvania State University) is a teacher of German and ESL at Mechanicsburg Middle School, Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania.
Promoting World Languages in Middle School: The Achievement Connection
Article first published online: 31 DEC 2008
© 2004 American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages
Foreign Language Annals
Volume 37, Issue 4, pages 623–629, December 2004
How to Cite
Shultz, D. L. and Willard-Holt, C. (2004), Promoting World Languages in Middle School: The Achievement Connection. Foreign Language Annals, 37: 623–629. doi: 10.1111/j.1944-9720.2004.tb02428.x
- Issue published online: 31 DEC 2008
- Article first published online: 31 DEC 2008
Abstract: Do world language students exhibit higher achievement than students who choose not to study a language? This study sought the answer to this question by comparing standardized test scores of language students with those of non-foreign-language students. Additionally, comparisons were made between students who started language study in middle school and those who started in high school. Language students outperformed non-foreign-language students on all sections of the Pennsylvania System of School Assessment (PSSA) in 11th grade but not in 8th grade. Students who began language study in middle school outperformed other language students (who began in high school) on all sections of the PSSA and Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT). This indicates that length of language study is an important factor in subsequent performance on standardized achievement tests.