One Right Way, Intercultural Participation, and Language Learning Anxiety: A Qualitative Analysis of Adult Online Heritage and Nonheritage Language Learners
Article first published online: 28 AUG 2009
© 2009 by the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages, Inc.
Foreign Language Annals
Volume 42, Issue 3, pages 483–504, Fall 2009
How to Cite
Coryell, J. E. and Clark, M. C. (2009), One Right Way, Intercultural Participation, and Language Learning Anxiety: A Qualitative Analysis of Adult Online Heritage and Nonheritage Language Learners. Foreign Language Annals, 42: 483–504. doi: 10.1111/j.1944-9720.2009.01037.x
- Issue published online: 28 AUG 2009
- Article first published online: 28 AUG 2009
- adult language learning;
- heritage and nonheritage language learners;
- intercultural participation;
- language learning anxiety;
- online language learning
- relevant to all languages
Abstract: This study investigated self-assessed anxious learners who enrolled in online Spanish courses to determine if their anxiety was mediated by the lack of face-to-face (F2F) and other synchronous learning interactions. Participants were enrolled in courses at two postsecondary institutions located in south-central Texas. Narrative analysis was used to interpret the interview data. Findings indicated participants experienced language anxiety because their previous F2F and online learning experiences enforced the concept of language as performance with a focus on correctness and precision. However, intercultural respect and a desire to participate meaningfully with diverse cultural communities became a resource for our participants as they wrestled with language learning anxiety and persisted in their learning endeavors. Implications for designing online language instruction for anxious, self-directed adults are offered.