• Anderson, B. L., Obrecht, N. A., Chapman, G., Driscoll, D. A., & Schulkin, J. (2011). Physicians’ communication of down syndrome screening test results: The influence of physician numeracy. Genetics in Medicine, 13, 744749.
  • Anderson, B. L., Silverman, G. K., Loewenstein, G. F. Zinberg, S., & Schulkin, J. (2007). Factors associated with physicians’ reliance on pharmaceutical sales representatives. Academic Medicine, 84, 9941002.
  • Anderson, B. L., Schulkin, J., Ross, D. S., Rasmussen, S. A., Jones, J. L., & Cannon, M. J. (2008). Knowledge and practices of obstetricians and gynecologists regarding cytomegalovirus infection during pregnancy—United States, 2007. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 57, 6568.
  • Apter, A. J., Paasche-Orlow, M. K., Remillard, J. T., Bennet, I. M., Pearl Ben-Joseph, E., Batista, R. M., et al. (2008). Numeracy and communication with patients: They are counting on us. Journal of Gene Medicine, 23, 21172124.
  • Covey, J. (2007). A meta-analysis of the effects of presenting treatment benefits in different formats. Medical Decision Making, 27, 638654.
  • Estrada, C., Barnes, V., Collins, C., & Byrd, J. C. (1999). Health literacy and numeracy. Journal of the American Medical Association, 282, 527.
  • Fagerlin, A., Zikmund-Fisher, B. J., Ubel, P. A., Jankovic, A., Derry, H. A., & Smith, D. M. (2007). Measuring numeracy without a math test: Development of the Subjective Numeracy Scale. Medical Decision Making, 27, 672680.
  • Forrow, L., Taylor, W. C., & Arnold, R. M. (1992). Absolutely relative: How research results are summarized can affect treatment decisions. The American Journal of Medicine, 92, 121124.
  • Galesic, M., & Garcia-Retamero, R. (2010). Statistical numeracy for health: A cross-cultural comparison with probabilistic national samples. Archives of Internal Medicine, 170, 462468.
  • Gigerenzer, G. (2002). Calculated risks: How to know when numbers deceive you. New York: Simon & Schuster.
  • Gigerenzer, G., & Edwards, A. (2003). Simple tools for understanding risks: From innumeracy to insight. British Medical Journal, 327, 741744.
  • Gigerenzer, G., Gaissmaier, W., Kurz-Mielke, E., Schwartz, L. M., & Woloshin, S. (2007). Helping doctors and patients make sense of health statistics. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 8, 5396.
  • Gigerenzer, G. (2010). Collective statistical illiteracy: A cross-cultural comparison with probabilistic national samples. Archives of Internal Medicine, 170, 468469.
  • Lipkus, I. M., Samsa, G., & Rimer, B. K. (2001). General performance on a numeracy scale among highly educated samples. Medical Decision Making, 21, 3744.
  • Nelson, W., Reyna, V. F., Fagerlin, A., Lipkus, I., & Peters, E. (2008). Clinical implications of numeracy: Theory and practice. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 35, 261274.
  • Obrecht, N. A., Anderson, B. L., Schulkin, J., & Chapman, G. B. (2011). Retrospective frequency formats promote consistent experience-based Bayesian judgments. Applied Cognitive Psychology, DOI: 10.1002/acp2816.
  • Peters, E., Vasfjall, D., Slovic, P., Merzt, C. K., Mazzocco, K., & Dickert, S. (2006). Numeracy and decision making. Psychological Science, 17, 407413.
    Direct Link:
  • Reyna, V. F., Nelson, W. L., Han, P., & Dieckmann, N. F. (2009). How numeracy influences risk comprehension and medical decision making. Psychological Bulletin, 135, 943973.
  • Schulkin, J. (2008). Medical decisions, estrogen, and aging. New York: Springer.
  • Schwartz, L. M., Woloshin, S., Black, W. C., & Welch, H. G. (1997). The role of numeracy in understanding the benefit of screening mammography. Annals of Internal Medicine, 127, 966972.
  • Windish, D. M., Huot, S. J., & Green, M. L. (2007). Medicine residents’ understanding of the biostatistics and results in the medical literature. Journal of the American Medical Association, 298, 10101022.