Automated energy dispersive spectrometer modal analysis applied to the diogenites

Authors

  • L. E. BOWMAN,

    1. Institute of Meteoritics, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131-1126, USA
    Search for more papers by this author
  • M. N. SPILDE,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Meteoritics, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131-1126, USA
    Search for more papers by this author
  • J. J. PAPIKE

    1. Institute of Meteoritics, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131-1126, USA
    Search for more papers by this author

mspilde@unm.edu

Abstract

Abstract— We have analyzed the modal abundances of 23 of the known 24 diogenites in 31 thin sections using an energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) and automated phase distribution analysis software. Orthopyroxene is predictably the most abundant phase, ranging from 27.7 vol% to 99.8 vol% in these samples. The grand average mode of all the analyzed diogenites includes the “olivine diogenites” but not ALH 85015, a probable howardite, and ALHA81208, a sample with an abundant silica phase. The grand average of these 21 diogenites is: orthopyroxene 92.2 vol%, olivine 4.2 vol%, clinopyroxene 1.2 vol%, chromite 0.9 vol%, plagioclase 0.4 vol%, FeNi metal 0.1 vol%, troilite 0.6 vol%, and silica phase 0.4 vol%. Plagioclase feldspar is extremely depleted in all samples, with modal abundance from none detected to 4.6 vol% in range. Such a low volume of plagioclase may indicate that the diogenite parental melts originated in a source region depleted in Al (Warren, 1985; Stolper, 1975), which is consistent with crystallization from a melt derived from material that had previously experienced extraction of a eucrite-type melt.

Ancillary