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Abstract— Amoeboid olivine aggregates (AOAs) are irregularly shaped, fine-grained aggregates of olivine and Ca, Al-rich minerals and are important primitive components of CR chondrites. The AOAs in CR chondrites contain FeNi metal, and some AOAs contain Mn-rich forsterite with up to 0.7 MnO and Mn:Fe ratios greater than one. Additionally, AOAs in the CR chondrites do not contain secondary phases (nepheline and fayalitic olivine) that are found in AOAs in some CV chondrites. The AOAs in CR chondrites record a complex petrogenetic history that included nebular gas-solid condensation, reaction of minerals with the nebular gas, small degrees of melting, and sintering of the assemblage. A condensation origin for the Mn-rich forsterite is proposed. The Mn-rich forsterite found in IDPs, unequilibrated ordinary chondrite matrix, and AOAs in CR chondrites may have had a similar origin.

A type A calcium, aluminum-rich inclusion (CAI) with an AOA attached to its Wark-Lovering rim is also described. This discovery reveals a temporal relationship between AOAs and type A inclusions. Additionally, a thin layer of forsterite is present as part of the Wark-Lovering rim, revealing the crystallization of olivine at the end stages of Wark-Lovering rim formation. The Ca, Al-rich nodules in the AOAs may be petrogenetically related to the Ca, Al-rich minerals in Wark-Lovering rims on type A CAIs. AOAs are chondrite components that condensed during the final stage of Wark-Lovering rim formation but, in general, were temporally, spatially, or kinetically isolated from reacting with the nebula vapor during condensation of the lower temperature minerals that were commonly present as chondrule precursors.