Determination of parental magmas of HED cumulates: The effects of interstitial melts



Abstract— An evaluation of trapped melts effects during crystallization and subsolidus equilibration of cumulates is necessary to constrain the composition of their parental magmas. In this paper, a simple mass balance approach is described. It allows estimation of trace element abundances in these parental melts from phase compositions. It is used to discuss the genesis of cumulate eucrites and diogenites. The REE behavior is in full agreement with the view that cumulate eucrites formed from melts similar to noncumulate eucrites. Trapped melt fractions ranging from <10 wt% for Moama to ˜30 wt% for Moore County were involved. The origin of diogenites is more complex. The assumption that eucrites and diogenites shared the same parental melts cannot satisfactorily explain the diversity of incompatible trace element ratios (e.g., Dy/Yb) observed in diogenitic orthopyroxenes, even if interstitial melt effects are taken into account. Moreover, some diogenites unambiguously crystallized from magmas displaying significant HREE (heavy rare earth elements) enrichments. More likely, diogenites formed from distinct batches of parental magmas, as previously proposed by Mittlefehldt (1994), Fowler et al. (1995), and Shearer (1997).