SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ahrens T. J. and Johnson M. L. 1995. Shock wave data for rocks. In AGU Reference Shelf 3: Rock physics and phase relations, A handbook of physical constants, edited by AhrensT. J. Washington, D.C.: American Geophysical Union. pp. 3544.
  • Alberty R. A. and Reif A. K. 1988. Standard chemical thermodynamic properties of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and their isomer groups 1. Benzene series. Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data 17:241253.
  • Anders E. 1989. Pre-biotic organic matter from comets and asteroids. Nature 342:255257.
  • Armstrong J. C., Wells L. E., and Gonzalez G. 2002. Rummaging through Earth’s attic for remains of ancient life. Icarus 160:183196.
  • Artemieva N. and Ivanov B. 2004. Launch of Martian meteorites in oblique impacts. Icarus 171:84101.
  • Baldwin E. C., Milner D. J., Burchell M. J., and Crawford I. A. 2007. Laboratory impacts into dry and wet sandstone with and without an overlying water layer: Implications for scaling laws and projectile survivability. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 42:19061914.
  • Basiuk V. A. and Douda J. 1999. Pyrolysis of simple amino acids and nucleobases survivability limits and implications for extraterrestrial delivery. Planetary and Space Science 47:577584.
  • Basiuk V. A. and Douda J. 2001. Survivability of biomolecules during extraterrestrial delivery: New results on pyrolysis of amino acids and poly-amino acids. Advances in Space Research 27:231236.
  • Blank J. G., Miller G. H., Ahrens M. J., and Winans R. E. 2001. Experimental shock chemistry of aqueous amino acid solutions and the cometary delivery of prebiotic compounds. Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere 31:1551.
  • Bowden S. A., Court R. W., Milner D., Baldwin E., Lindgren P., Crawford I., Parnell J., and Burchell M. J. 2008. The thermal alteration by pyrolysis of the organic component of small projectiles of mudrock during capture at hypervelocity. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 82:312314.
  • Bowden S. A., Parnell J., and Burchell M. J. 2009. Survival of organic compounds in ejecta from hypervelocity impacts on ice. International Journal of Astrobiology 8:1925.
  • Brinton K. L. F., Engrand C., Glavin D. P., Bada J. L., and Maurette M. 1998. A search for extraterrestrial amino acids in carbonaceous Antarctic micrometeorites. Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere 28:413424.
  • Brownlee D., Tsou P., Aléon J., Alexander C. M. O’D., Araki T., Bajt S., Baratta G. A., Bastien R., Bland P., Bleuet P., Borg J., Bradley J. P., Brearley A., Brenker F., Brennan S., Bridges J. C., Browning N., Brucato J. R., Brucato H., Bullock E., Burchell M. J., Busemann H., Butterworth A., Chaussidon M., Cheuvront A., Chi M., Cintala M. J., Clark B. C., Clemett S. J., Cody G., Colangeli L., Cooper G., Cordier P. G., Daghlian C., Dai Z., D’Hendecourt L., Djouadi Z., Dominguez G., Duxbury T., Dworkin J. P., Ebel D., Economou T. E., Fairey S. A. J., Fallon S., Ferrini G., Ferroir T., Fleckenstein H., Floss C., Flynn G., Franchi I. A., Fries M., Gainsforth Z., Gallien J.-P., Genge M., Gilles M. K., Gillet P., Gilmour J., Glavin D. P., Gounelle M., Grady M. M., Graham G. A., Grant P. G., Green S. F., Grossemy F., Grossman L., Grossman J., Guan Y., Hagiya K., Harvey R., Heck P., Herzog G. F., Hoppe P., Hörz F., Huth J., Hutcheon I. D., Ishii H., Ito M., Jacob D., Jacobsen C., Jacobsen S., Joswiak D., Kearsley A. T., Keller L., Khodja H., Kilcoyne A. L. D., Kissel J., Krot A.Langenhorst F., Lanzirotti A., Le L., Leshin L., Leitner J., Lemelle L., Leroux H., Liu M.-C., Luening K., Lyon I., MacPherson G., Marcus M. A., Marhas K., Matrajt G., Meibom A., Mennella V., Messenger K., Mikouchi T., Mostefaoui S., Nakamura T., Nakano T., Newville M., Nittler L. R., Ohnishi I., Ohsumi K., Okudaira K., Papanastassiou D. A., Palma R., Palumbo M. O., Pepin R. E., Perkins D., Perronnet M., Pianetta P., Rao W., Rietmeijer F., Robert F., Rost D., Rotundi A., Ryan R., Sandford S. A., Schwandt C. S., See T. H., Schlutter D., Sheffield-Parker J. A., Simionovici S., Sitnitsky S. I., Snead C. J., Spencer M. K., Stadermann F. J., Steele A., Stephan T., Stroud R., Susini J., Sutton S. R., Taheri M., Taylor S., Teslich N., Tomeoka K., Tomioka N., Toppani A., Trigo-Rodríguez J. M., Troadec D., Tsuchiyama A., Tuzolino A. J., Tyliszczak T., Uesugi K., Velbel M., Vellenga J., Vicenzi E., Vincze L., Warren J., Weber I., Weisberg M., Westphal A. J., Wirick S., Wooden D., Wopenka B., Wozniakiewicz P. A., Wright I., Yabuta H., Yano H., Young E. D., Zare R. N., Zega T., Ziegler K., Zimmerman L., Zinner E., and Zolensky M. 2006. Comet Wild 2 under a microscope. Science 314:17111716.
  • Burchell M. J. 2004. Panspermia today. International Journal of Astrobiology 3:7380.
  • Burchell M. J., Brooke-Thomas W., Leliwa-Kopystynski J., and Zarnecki J. C. 1998. Hypervelocity impact experiments on solid CO2 targets. Icarus 131:210222.
  • Burchell M. J., Cole M. J., McDonnell J. A. M., and Zarnecki J. C. 1999. Hypervelocity impact studies using the 2 MV Van de Graaff accelerator and two-stage light gas gun of the University of Kent. Measurement Science & Technology 40:4150.
  • Burchell M. J., Mann J., Bunch A. W., and Brandão P. F. B. 2001. Survivability of bacteria in hypervelocity impact. Icarus 154:545547.
  • Burchell M. J., Mann J. R., and Bunch A. W. 2004. Survival of bacteria and spores under extreme pressures. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 352:12731278.
  • Burchell M. J., Robin-Williams R., and Foing B. H. 2010. The SMART-1 lunar impact. Icarus 207:2838.
  • Chyba C. and Sagan C. 1992. Endogenous production, exogenous delivery and impact-shock synthesis of organic molecules: An inventory for the origins of life. Nature 355:125132.
  • Clemett S. J., Chillier X. D. F., Gillette S., Zare R. N., Maurette M., Engrand C., and Kurat G. 1998. Observations of indigenous polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in “giant” carbonaceous Antarctic micrometeorites. Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere 28:425448.
  • Crawford I. A. 2006. The astrobiological case for renewed robotic and human exploration of the Moon. International Journal of Astrobiology 5:191197.
  • Crawford I. A., Baldwin E. C., Taylor E. A., Bailey J. A., and Tsembelis K. 2008. On the survivability and detectability of terrestrial meteorites on the Moon. Astrobiology 8:242252.
  • Davies P. C. W. and Lineweaver C. H. 2005. Finding a second sample of life on Earth. Astrobiology 5:154163.
  • Donovan R. N. 1975. Devonian lacustrine limestones at the margin of the Orcadian Basin, Scotland. Journal of the Geological Society, London 131:489510.
  • Duncan A. D. and Hamilton R. F. M. 1988. Palaeolimnology and organic geochemistry of the Middle Devonian in the Orcadian Basin. Geological Society, London, Special Publication 40:173201.
  • Fajardo-Cavazos P., Link L., Melosh H. J., and Nicholson W. L. 2005. Bacillus subtilis spores on artificial meteorites survive hypervelocity atmospheric entry: Implications for lithopanspermia. Astrobiology 5:726736.
  • Flynn G. J. 1996. The delivery of organic matter from asteroids and comets to the early surface of Mars. Earth, Moon, and Planets 72:469474.
  • Freund F., Dickinson J. T., Becker C. H., Freund M. M., and Chang S. 1986. Organic molecules released from olivine by impact fracture. Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere 16:291292.
  • Fritz J., Artemieva N., and Greshake A. 2005. Ejection of Martian meteorites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 40:13931411.
  • Genge M. J. and Grady M. M. 1999. The fusion crusts of stony meteorites: Implications for the atmospheric reprocessing of extraterrestrial materials. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 34:341356.
  • Glavin D. P., Matrajt G., and Bada J. L. 2004. Re-examination of amino acids in Antarctic micrometeorites. Advances in Space Research 33:106113.
  • Gschwend P. M. and Hites R. A. 1981. Fluxes of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to marine and lacustrine sediments in the northeastern United States. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 45:23592367.
  • Hall P. B. and Douglas A. G. 1983. The distribution of cyclic alkanes in two lacustrine deposits. In Advances in organic geochemistry 1981, edited by BjorøyM. London: Wiley. pp. 576587.
  • Hayhurst C. J. and Clegg R. A. 1997. Cylindrical symmetric SPH simulations of hypervelocity impacts on thin plates. International Journal of Impact Engineering 20:337348.
  • Head J. N., Melosh H. J., and Ivanov B. A. 2002. Martian meteorite launch: High-speed ejecta from small craters. Science 298:17521756.
  • Hode T., Von Dalwigk I., and Broman C. 2003. A hydrothermal system associated with the Siljan impact structure, Sweden—Implications for the search for fossil life on Mars. Astrobiology 3:271289.
  • Horneck G., Stöffler D., Eschweiler U., and Hornemann U. 2001. Bacterial spores survive simulated meteorite impact. Icarus 149:285290.
  • Irwin H. and Meyer T. 1990. Lacustrine organic facies. A biomarker study using multivariate statistical analysis. Organic Geochemistry 16:197210.
  • Jaffrezo J. L., Clain M. P., and Masclet P. 1994. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the polar ice of Greenland. Geochemical uses of these atmospheric tracers. Atmospheric Environment 28:11391145.
  • Kieffer S. W., Phakey P. P., and Christie J. M. 1976. Shock processes in porous quartzite: Transmission electron microscope observations and theory. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 59:4193.
  • Kyte F. T. 2002. Unmelted meteoritic debris collected from Eltanin ejecta in Polarstern cores from expedition ANT XII/4. Deep-Sea Research. Part II 49:10631071.
  • Lama R. D. and Vutukuri V. S. 1978. Handbook on mechanical properties of rocks, vol. 2. Clausthal, Germany: Trans Tech Publications. 481 p.
  • Love S. G., Hörz F., and Brownlee D. E. 1993. Target porosity effects in impact cratering and collisional disruption. Icarus 105:216224.
  • Maher K. A. and Stevenson D. J. 1988. Impact frustration of the origin of life. Nature 331:612614.
  • Maier W. D., Andreoli M. A. G., McDonald I., Higgins M. D., Boyce A. J., Shukolyukov A., Lugmair G. W., Ashwal L. D., Gräser P., Ripley E. M., and Hart R. J. 2006. Discovery of a 25-cm asteroid clast in the giant Morokweng impact crater, South Africa. Nature 441:203206.
  • Managadze G. G., Brinckerhoff W. B., and Chumikov A. E. 2003a. Molecular synthesis in hypervelocity impact plasmas on the primitive Earth and in interstellar clouds. Geophysical Research Letters 30, doi:10.1029/2002GL016422.1247.
  • Managadze G. G., Brinckerhoff W. B., and Chumikov A. E. 2003b. Possible synthesis of organic molecular ions in plasmas similar to those generated in hypervelocity impacts. International Journal of Impact Engineering 29:449458.
  • McKay C. P. and Borucki W. J. 1997. Organic synthesis in experimental impact shocks. Science 276:390392.
  • Melosh H. J. 1988. A rocky road to Panspermia. Nature 332:687688.
  • Melosh H. J. 1989. Impact cratering: A geologic process. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Mileikowsky C., Cucinotta F. A., Wilson J. W., Gladman B., Horneck G., Lindegren L., Melosh J., Rickman H., Valtonen M., and Zheng J. Q. 2000. Natural transfer of viable microbes in space: 1. From Mars to Earth and Earth to Mars. Icarus 145:391427.
  • Milner D. J., Burchell M. J., Creighton J. A., and Parnell J. 2006. Oceanic hypervelocity impact events: A viable mechanism for successful panspermia? International Journal of Astrobiology 5:261267.
  • Mizutani H., Takagi Y., and Kawakami S. 1990. New scaling laws on impact fragmentation. Icarus 87:307326.
  • Mukhin L. M., Gerasimov M. V., and Safonova E. N. 1989. Origin of precursors of organic molecules during evaporation of meteorites and mafic terrestrial rocks. Nature 340:4648.
  • Nna-Mvondo D., Khare B., Ishihara T., and McKay C. P. 2008. Experimental impact shock chemistry on planetary icy satellites. Icarus 194:822835.
  • Parnell J. and Lindgren P. 2006. Survival of reactive carbon through meteorite impact melting. Geology 34:10291032.
  • Parnell J., Carey P., and Monson B. 1998. Timing and temperature of decollement on hydrocarbon source rock beds in cyclic lacustrine successions. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 140:121134.
  • Parnell J., Bowden S. A., Osinski G. R., Lee P., Green P., Taylor C., and Baron M. 2007. Organic geochemistry of impactites from the Haughton impact structure, Devon Island, Nunavut, Canada. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 71:18001819.
  • Peters K. E., Moldowan J. M., Driscole A. R., and Demaison G. J. 1989. Origin of Beatrice oil by co-sourcing from Devonian and Middle Jurassic source rocks, Inner Moray Firth, United Kingdom. AAPG Bulletin 73:454471.
  • Peters K. E., Walters C. C., and Moldowan J. M. 2005. The biomarker guide, 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Peterson E., Horz F., and Chang S. 1997. Modification of amino acids at shock pressures of 3.5 to 32 GPa. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 61:39373950.
  • Pierazzo E. and Chyba C. F. 1999. Amino acid survival in large cometary impacts. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 34:909918.
  • Pierazzo E. and Chyba C. F. 2002. Cometary delivery of biogenic elements to Europa. Icarus 157:120127.
  • Pierazzo E. and Melosh H. J. 2000a. Understanding oblique impacts from experiments, observations, and modeling. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 28:141167.
  • Pierazzo E. and Melosh H. J. 2000b. Hydrocode modelling of oblique impacts: The fate of the projectile. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 35:117130.
  • Radke M. 1988. Application of aromatic compounds as maturity indicators in source rocks and crude oils. Marine and Petroleum Geology 5:224236.
  • Radke M., Welte D. H., and Willsch H. 1982. Geochemical study on a well in the Western Canada Basin: Relation of the aromatic distribution pattern to maturity of organic matter. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 46:110.
  • Remez N. S. 1999. Deformation of rock in the explosion of a cylindrical charge in a coaxial cavity filled with liquid. International Applied Mechanics 33:295300.
  • Sandford S. A. 2008. Terrestrial analysis of the organic component of comet dust. Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry 1:18.118.30.
  • Sandford S. A., Aléon J., Alexander C. M. O’D., Araki T., Bajt S., Baratta G. A., Borg J., Bradley J. P., Brownlee D. E., Brucato J. R., Burchell M. J., Busemann H., Butterworth A., Clemett S. J., Cody G., Colangeli L., Cooper G., D’Hendecourt L., Djouadi Z., Dworkin J. P., Ferrini G., Fleckenstein H., Flynn G. J., Franchi I. A., Fries M., Gilles M. K., Glavin D. P., Gounelle M., Grossemy F., Jacobsen C., Keller L. P., Kilcoyne A. L. D., Leitner Jan., Matrajt G., Meibom A., Mennella V., Mostefaoui S., Nittler L. R., Palumbo M. E., Papanastassiou D. A., Robert F., Rotundi A., Snead C. J., Spencer M. K., Stadermann F. J., Steele A., Stephan T., Tsou P., Tyliszczak T., Westphal A. J., Wirick S., Wopenka B., Yabuta H., Zare R. N., and Zolensky M. E. 2006. Organics captured from comet 81P/Wild 2 by the Stardust spacecraft. Science 314:17201724.
  • Sears D. W. 1975. Temperature gradients in meteorites produced by heating during atmospheric passage. Modern Geology 5:155164.
  • Sephton M. A. and Botta O. 2005. Recognizing life in the solar system: Guidance from meteoritic organic matter. International Journal of Astrobiology 4:269276.
  • Stöffler D., Horneck H., Ott S., Hornemann U., Cockell C. S., Möller R., Meyer C., De Vera J. P., Fritz J., and Artemieva N. A. 2007. Experimental evidence for the potential impact ejection of viable microorganisms from Mars and Mars-like planets. Icarus 186:585588.
  • Taylor S. R. and McLennan S. M. 1995. The geochemical evolution of the continental crust. Reviews of Geophysics 33:241265.
  • Trewin N. H. 1976. Correlation of the Achanarras and Sandwick fish beds, Middle Old Red Sandstone, Scotland. Scottish Journal of Geology 12:205208.
  • Trewin N. H. 1986. Palaeoecology and sedimentology of the Achanarras fish bed of the Middle Old Red Sandstone, Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 77:2146.
  • Van Graas G. W. 1990. Biomarker maturity parameters for high maturities: Calibration of the working range up to the oil/condensate threshold. Organic Geochemistry 16:10251032.
  • Waples D. W. and Waples J. S. 2004. A review and evaluation of specific heat capacities of rocks, minerals and subsurface fluids. Part 1: Minerals and nonporous rocks. Natural Resources Research 13:97122.
  • Wells L. E., Armstrong L. C., and Gonzalez G. 2003. Reseeding of early Earth by impacts of returning ejecta during the later heavy bombardment. Icarus 162:3846.
  • Wünnemann K., Collins G. S., and Osinski G. S. 2008. Numerical modelling of impact melt production in porous rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 269:530539.