Highly siderophile element and osmium isotope evidence for postcore formation magmatic and impact processes on the aubrite parent body

Authors

  • David van ACKEN,

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    1. Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Houston, 312 Science & Research 1, Houston, Texas 77204–5007, USA
    2. NASA-Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, 2101 NASA Parkway, Houston, Texas 77058, USA
    3. Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, 1-26 ESB, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E3, Canada
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  • Alan D. BRANDON,

    1. Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Houston, 312 Science & Research 1, Houston, Texas 77204–5007, USA
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  • Thomas J. LAPEN

    1. Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Houston, 312 Science & Research 1, Houston, Texas 77204–5007, USA
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Corresponding author. E-mail: vanacken@ualberta.ca

Abstract

Abstract– Aubrites exhibit a wide range of highly siderophile element (HSE—Re, Os, Ir, Ru, Rh, Pt, Pd, Au) concentrations and 187Os/188Os compositions. Their HSE concentrations are one to three orders of magnitude less than chondrites, with the exception of the Shallowater and Mt. Egerton samples. While most aubrites show chondritic HSE abundance ratios, significant enrichments of Pd and Re relative to Os, Ir, and Ru are observed in 12 of 16 samples. Present-day 187Os/188Os ratios range from subchondritic values of 0.1174 to superchondritic values of up to 0.2263. Half of the samples have 187Os/188Os ratios of 0.127 to 0.130, which is in the range of enstatite chondrites. Along with the brecciated nature of aubrites, the HSE and Re-Os isotope systematics support a history of extensive postaccretion processing, including core formation, late addition of chondritic material and/or core material and potential breakup and reassembly. Highly siderophile element signatures for some aubrites are consistent with a mixing of HSE-rich chondritic fragments with a HSE-free aubrite matrix. The enrichments in incompatible HSE such as Pd and Re observed in some aubrites, reminiscent of terrestrial basalts, suggest an extensive magmatic and impact history, which is supported by both the 187Re-187Os isotope system and silicate-hosted isotope systems (Rb-Sr, K-Ar) yielding young formation ages of 1.3–3.9 Ga for a subset of samples. Compared with other differentiated achondrites derived from small planetary bodies, aubrites show a wide range in HSE concentrations and 187Os/188Os, most similar to angrites. While similarities exist between the diverse groups of achondrites formed early in solar system history, the aubrite parent body(ies) clearly underwent a distinct evolution, different from angrites, brachinites, ureilites, howardites, eucrites, and diogenites.

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