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Keywords:

  • Culex quinquefasciatus;
  • temperature;
  • variation;
  • life table traits;
  • longevity;
  • age specific mortality

ABSTRACT:

Culex quinquefasciatus plays a major role in the transmission of important parasites and viruses throughout the world. Because temperature is an important limiting factor on growth and longevity of all mosquito species, estimating the reaction norms provides very important basic information for understanding both plasticity and individual variations of the population. In the present study, Cx. quinquefasciatus were maintained at five different constant temperatures (15°, 20°, 23°, 27°, and 30°C) for two subsequent generations. Reproductive population parameters in blood-fed mated females and longevities of virgin and blood-fed mated adults reared at different temperatures were compared for the two generations. Longevity increased as temperature decreased within a range of 15° to 30°C for the unmated adults, and 15° to 27°C for the mated and blood-fed adults. Generation times were as long as 124.07 and 106.76 days for two subsequent generations reared at 15°C, and the highest intrinsic rate of increase (rm) values were estimated at 0.22 and 0.18, respectively, from the cohorts reared at 27°C. For survival rates, reproductive rates (R0), and rm values, 30°C was found to be a critical temperature for this species. These cohorts produced the smallest amount of eggs (R0= 5.06), rm values decreasing across generations (from 0.11 to 0.06), and the survival rates from egg to adult were found to be insufficient (16.1 and 10.8%). Additionally, the rate of exponential increase with age and age specific mortalities (b) were calculated for the virgin cohorts. Age specific mortality rates increased as temperature decreased. The increase in mortality rates started to accelerate at 27°C and was more pronounced at 30°C, for both females and males. We estimated the coefficients of variation for the b values in which females have smaller coefficients than those of the males at all temperatures.