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Keywords:

  • Source reduction;
  • sugar feeding;
  • flight barrier;
  • insecticide;
  • ITN;
  • control

ABSTRACT:

The control of the sand fly vectors of leishmaniasis is problematic because their larvae develop in largely unknown terrestrial habitats making them impervious to available control measures. Furthermore, the behavior patterns of adults of different sand fly species are highly diverse, requiring tailor-made control solutions based upon a profound knowledge of their biology. In this short review, we describe possible lines of research that hold promise for improving our munitions in the battle against the diseases they transmit. The suggested approaches are not necessarily presented in order of importance, but rather in a logical sequence starting in the larval breeding areas where the sand flies originate and culminating with the human environments. Some examples are offered to illustrate the potential efficacy.