SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES CITED

  • Adler, P.H., D.C. Currie, and D.M. Wood. 2004. The Black Flies (Simuliidae) of North America . Cornell University Press, Ithaca , NY . 960 pp.
  • Allen, R.P. 1952. The Whooping Crane. Research Report 3. National Audubon Society, New York , NY . 246 pp.
  • Anderson, J.R. and G.R. DeFoliart. 1961. Feeding behavior and host preference of some black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in Wisconsin. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 54: 716729.
  • Anderson, J.R. and W.L. Yee. 1995. Trapping black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in northern California. I. Species composition and seasonal abundance on horses, host models, and in insect flight traps. J. Vector. Ecol. 20: 725.
  • Bennett, G.F., A.M. Fallis, and A.G. Campbell. 1972. The response of Simulium (Eusimulium) euryadminiculum Davies (Diptera: Simuliidae) to some olfactory and visual stimuli. Canad. J. Zool. 50: 793800.
  • Bisevac, L., D.C. Franklin, G.J. Williamson, and P.I. Whelan. 2009. A comparison of two generic trap types for monitoring mosquitoes through an annual cycle in tropical Australia. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 25: 5865.
  • Bukacinski, D. and M. Bukacinska. 2000. The impact of mass outbreaks of black flies (Simuliidae) on the parental behavior and breeding output of colonial common gulls (Larus canus). Ann. Zool. Fennici 37: 4349.
  • Chen, Y.C., C.Y. Yuan, H.J. Teng, C.F. Chen, M.C. Chang, L.C. Lu, C. Lin, W.J. Jian, and H.S. Wu. 2011. Comparison of the efficacy of CO2-baited and unbaited light traps, gravid traps, backpack aspirators, and sweep net collections for sampling mosquitoes infected with Japanese encephalitis virus. J. Vector Ecol. 36: 6874.
  • Comtois, A. and D. Berteaux. 2005. Impacts of mosquitoes and black flies on defensive behavior and microhabitat use of the North American porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum) in southern Quebec. Canad. J. Zool. 83: 754764.
  • Cully, J.F., J.P. Grieco, and D. Kissel. 1991. Defensive behavior of eastern chipmunks against Aedes triseriatus (Diptera, Culicidae). J. Med. Entomol. 28: 410416.
  • DeFoliart, G.R., M.R. Rao, and C.D. Morris. 1967. Seasonal succession of bloodsucking Diptera in Wisconsin during 1965. J. Med. Entomol. 4: 363373.
  • Fallis, A.M. and S.M. Smith. 1964. Ether extracts from birds and CO2 as attractants for some ornithophilic simuliids. Canad. J. Zool. 42: 723730.
  • Fletcher, M.G., E.C. Turner, J.W. Hansen, and B.D. Perry. 1988. Horse-baited insect trap and mobile insect sorting table in a disease vector identification study. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 4: 431435.
  • Fredeen, F.J.H. 1956. Research on black flies, pests of livestock and man on the Canadian prairies. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Manitoba 12: 210.
  • Frommer, R.L., B.A. Schiefer, and R.W. Vavra. 1976. Comparative effects of CO2 flow rates using modified CDC light traps on trapping adult black flies (Simuliidae: Diptera). Mosq. News 36: 355358.
  • Gaard, G. 2002. Black fly induced nest mortality—prevention possibilities. Wisconsin Bluebird 17: 1316.
  • Gerry, A.C., T.M. Nawaey, P.B. Sanghrajka, J. Wisniewska, and P. Hullinger. 2008. Hematophagous Diptera collected from a horse and paired carbon-dioxide-baited suction trap in southern California: relevance to West Nile Virus epizootiology. J. Med. Entomol. 45: 115124.
  • Helle, T., J. Aspi, J.K. Lempa, and E. Taskinen. 1992. Strategies to avoid biting flies by reindeer: field experiments with silhouette traps. Ann. Zool. Fennici 29: 6974.
  • Hill, J.R., III. 1994. What's bugging your birds? An introduction to the ectoparasites of purple martins. Purple Martin Update 5: 17.
  • Hunter, D.B., C. Rohner, and D.C. Currie. 1997. Mortality in fledgling great horned owls from black fly hematophaga and leucocytozoonosis. J. Wildl. Dis. 33: 486491.
  • Kröckel, U., A. Rose, A.E. Eiras, and M. Geier. 2006. New tools for surveillance of adult yellow fever mosquitoes: comparison of trap catches with human landing rates in an urban environment. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 22: 229238.
  • Lowther, J.K. and D.M. Wood. 1964. Specificity of a black fly, Simulium euryadminiculum Davies, toward its host, the common loon. Canad. Entomol. 96: 911913.
  • Malmqvist, B., D. Strasevicius, O. Hellberg, P.H. Adler, and S. Bensch. 2004. Vertebrate host specificity of wild-caught blackflies revealed by mitochondrial DNA in blood. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 271: S152S155.
  • Martinez-de la Puente, J., J. Rivero-de Aguilar, S. del Cerro, A. Arguello, and S. Merino. 2011. Do secretions from the uropygial gland of birds attract biting midges and black flies? Parasitol. Res. doi 10:1007s00436-2436-4.
  • McIntyre, J.W. 1988. The Common Loon: Spirit of Northern Lakes . University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis , MN . 240 pp.
  • Mooring, M.S., T.A. Fitzpatrick, I.C. Fraser, J.E. Benjamin, D.D. Reisig, and T.T. Nishihira. 2003. Insect-defense behavior by desert bighorn sheep. Southwestern Natural. 48: 635643.
  • Muturi, E.J., J. Mwangangi, J. Shililu, S. Muriu, B. Jacob, C.M. Mbogo, G. John, and R. Novak. 2007. Evaluation of four sampling techniques for surveillance of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) and other mosquitoes in African rice agroecosystems. J. Med. Entomol. 44: 503508.
  • Ritchie, S.A., S. Long, A. Hart, C.E. Webb, and R.C. Russell. 2003. An adulticidal sticky ovitrap for sampling container-breeding mosquitoes. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 19: 235242.
  • Russell, C.B. and F.F. Hunter. 2005. Attraction of Culex pipiens/restuans (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes to bird uropygial gland odors at two elevations in the Niagara region of Ontario. J. Med. Entomol. 42: 301305.
  • Schmidtmann, E.T. 1987. A trap sampling unit for ear-feeding black flies. Canad. Entomol. 119: 747750.
  • Service, M.W. 1993. Mosquito Ecology: Field Sampling Methods. 2nd edition. Elsevier Applied Science, London . 988 pp.
  • Shipp, J.L. 1985. Comparison of silhouette, sticky, and suction traps with and without dry-ice bait for sampling black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in central Alberta. Canad. Entomol. 117: 113117.
  • Smallegange, R.C., W.H. Schmied, K.J. Van Roey, N.O. Verhulst, J. Spitzen, W.R. Mukabana, and W. Takken. 2010. Sugar-fermenting yeast as an organic source of carbon dioxide to attract the malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae. Malaria J. 9: 292.
  • Smith, R.N., S.L. Cain, S.H. Anderson, J.R. Dunk, and E.S. Williams. 1998. Blackfly-induced mortality of nestling red-tailed hawks. Auk 115: 368375.
  • Snoddy, E.L. and K.L. Hays. 1966. A carbon dioxide trap for Simuliidae (Diptera). J. Econ. Entomol. 59: 242243.
  • Sutcliffe, J.F., D.J. Steer, and D. Beardsal. 1995. Studies of host location behavior in the black fly Simulium arcticum (Diptera: Simuliidae): aspects of close range trap orientation. Bull. Entomol. Res. 85: 415424.
  • Swanson, D.A., P.H. Adler, and B. Malmqvist. 2012. Spatial stratification of host-seeking Diptera in boreal forests of northern Europe. Med. Vet. Entomol. 26: 5662.
  • Swengel, A.B. and S.R. Swengel. 2011. High and dry or sunk and dunked: lessons from tallgrass prairies for quaking bogs. J. Insect Conserv. 15: 165178.
  • Toupin, B., J. Huot, and M. Manseau. 1996. Effect of insect harassment on the behavior of the Rivière George caribou. Arctic 49: 375382.
  • Trainer, D.O., C.S. Schildt, R.A. Hunt, and L.R. Jahn. 1962. Prevalence of Leucocytozoon simondi among some Wisconsin waterfowl. J. Wildl. Manag. 26: 137143.
  • Urbanek, R.P., S.E. Zimorski, A.M. Fasoli, and E.K. Szyszkoski. 2010. Nest desertion in a reintroduced population of migratory whooping cranes. Proc. North Am. Crane Workshop 11: 133141.
  • Walker, E.D. and J.D. Edman. 1986. Influence of defensive behavior of eastern chipmunks and gray squirrels (Rodentia: Sciuridae) on feeding success of Aedes triseriatus (Diptera: Culicidae). J. Med. Entomol. 23: 110.