Mosquitoes in degraded and preserved areas of the Atlantic Forest and potential for vector-borne disease risk in the municipality of São Paulo, Brazil

Authors

  • Andressa Francisca Ribeiro,

    1. Departamento de Epidemiologia, Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Dr. Arnaldo, 715, São Paulo, 01246-904, Brazil, andressa.fran@usp.br
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  • Paulo Roberto Urbinatti,

    1. Departamento de Epidemiologia, Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Dr. Arnaldo, 715, São Paulo, 01246-904, Brazil, andressa.fran@usp.br
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  • Ana Maria Ribeiro de Castro Duarte,

    1. Laboratório de Bioquímica e Biologia Molecular, Superintendência de Controle de Endemias, Rua Paula Souza, 166, São Paulo, 01027-000, Brazil
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  • Marcia Bicudo de Paula,

    1. Departamento de Epidemiologia, Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Dr. Arnaldo, 715, São Paulo, 01246-904, Brazil, andressa.fran@usp.br
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  • Diego Mendes Pereira,

    1. Laboratório de Bioquímica e Biologia Molecular, Superintendência de Controle de Endemias, Rua Paula Souza, 166, São Paulo, 01027-000, Brazil
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  • Luís Filipe Mucci,

    1. Laboratório de Bioquímica e Biologia Molecular, Superintendência de Controle de Endemias, Rua Paula Souza, 166, São Paulo, 01027-000, Brazil
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  • Aristides Fernandes,

    1. Departamento de Epidemiologia, Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Dr. Arnaldo, 715, São Paulo, 01246-904, Brazil, andressa.fran@usp.br
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  • Maria Helena Silva Homem de Mello,

    1. Laboratório de Culicídeos/SR-03, Superintendência de Controle de Endemias, Pça. Cel. Vitoriano, 23, Taubaté, 12020-020, Brazil
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  • Marco Otávio de Matos Júnior,

    1. Laboratório de Culicídeos/SR-03, Superintendência de Controle de Endemias, Pça. Cel. Vitoriano, 23, Taubaté, 12020-020, Brazil
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  • Rosane Correa de Oliveira,

    1. Laboratório de Culicídeos/SR-03, Superintendência de Controle de Endemias, Pça. Cel. Vitoriano, 23, Taubaté, 12020-020, Brazil
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  • Delsio Natal,

    1. Departamento de Epidemiologia, Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Dr. Arnaldo, 715, São Paulo, 01246-904, Brazil, andressa.fran@usp.br
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  • Rosely dos Santos Malafronte

    1. Laboratório de Identificação e Pesquisa em Fauna Sinantrópica, Centro de Controle de Zoonoses, Coordenação de Vigilância Saúde, Secretaria Municipal de Saúde Prefeitura Municipal de São Paulo, Rua Santa Eulália, 86, São Paulo, 02031-020, Brazil
    2. Laboratório de Protozoologia, Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Dr. Enéas de Carvalho Aguiar, 470, São Paulo, 05403-000, Brazil
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ABSTRACT:

In order to assess the epidemiological potential of the Culicidae species in remaining areas of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, specimens of this family were collected in wild and anthropic environments. A total of 9,403 adult mosquitoes was collected from May, 2009 to June, 2010. The most prevalent among species collected in the wild environment were Anopheles (Kerteszia) cruzii, the Melanoconion section of Culex (Melanoconion), and Aedes serratus, while the most common in the anthropic site were Coquillettidia chrysonotum/albifera, Culex (Culex) Coronator group, and An. (Ker.) cruzii. Mosquito richness was similar between environments, although the abundance of individuals from different species varied. When comparing diversity patterns between environments, anthropic sites exhibited higher richness and evenness, suggesting that environmental stress increased the number of favorable niches for culicids, promoting diversity. Increased abundance of opportunistic species in the anthropic environment enhances contact with culicids that transmit vector-borne diseases.

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