• Adler, P.H. 2004. The Black Flies (Simuliidae) of North America . Cornell University Press in association with Royal Ontario Museum, Ithaca , N.Y.
  • Anderson, R.M. and R.M. May. 1978. Regulation and stability of host-parasite population interactions: I. Regulatory processes. J. Anim. Ecol. 47: 219247.
  • Fallis, A.M. and S.M. Smith. 1964. Ether extracts from birds and CO2 as attractants for some ornithophilic simuliids. Can. J. Zool. 42: 723730.
  • Fevold, B.M., M.W. Meyer, P.W. Rasmussen, and S.A. Temple. 2003. Bioaccumulation patterns and temporal trends of mercury exposure in Wisconsin common loons. Ecotoxicology 12: 8393.
  • Gibson, G. and S. Torr, 1999. Visual and olfactory responses of haematophagous Diptera to host stimuli. Med. Vet. Entomol. 13: 223.
  • Hellgren, O., S. Bensch, and B. Malmqvist. 2008. Bird hosts, blood parasites and their vectors — associations uncovered by molecular analyses of blackfly blood meals. Mol. Ecol. 17: 16051613.
  • Hudson, P.J., A.P. Dobson, and D. Newborn. 1998. Prevention of population cycles by parasite removal. Science 282: 22562258.
  • Kenow, K.P., S. Gutreuter, R.K. Hines, M.W. Meyer, F. Fournier, and W.H. Karasov. 2003. Effects of methyl mercury exposure on the growth of juvenile common loons. Ecotoxicology 12: 171182.
  • Lowther, J.K. and D.M. Wood. 1964. Specificity of a black fly, Simulium euryadminiculum Davies, toward its host, the common loon. Can. Entomol. 96: 911913.
  • Malmqvist, B., D. Strasevicius, O. Hellgren, P.H. Adler, and S. Bensch. 2004. Vertebrate host specificity of wild-caught blackflies revealed by mitochondrial DNA in blood. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 271: S152S155.
  • McIntyre, J.W. and J.F. Barr. 1997. Common Loon (Gavia immer). In: A. Poole and F. Gill. (eds). Birds of North America – Online. doi : 10.2173bna.313.
  • Storer, R.W. 2002. The metazoan parasite fauna of loons (Aves: Gaviiformes), its relationship to the birds’ evolutionary history and biology, and a comparison with the parasite fauna of grebes, Miscellaneous Publications #191. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology.
  • Tscharntke, T., M.E. Hochberg, T.A. Rand, V.H. Resh, and J. Krauss. 2007. Author sequence and credit for contributions in multiauthored publications. PLoS Biol 5, e18.
  • Urbanek, R.P., S.E. Zimorski, A.M. Fasoli, E.K. Szyszkoski. 2010. Nest desertion in a reintroduced population of migratory whooping cranes, In: Proceedings of the North American Crane Workshop. Presented at the North American Crane Workshop. (2008), Wisconsin Dells, WI (U.S.A.) pp. 133141.