Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti and Aedes (Howardina) cozumelensis in Yucatán State, México, with a summary of published collection records for Ae. cozumelensis

Authors

  • Julián E. García-Rejón,

    1. Laboratorio de Arbovirología, Centro de Investigaciones Regionales Dr. Hideyo Noguchi, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Calle 96 s/n × Av. Jacinto Canek y Calle 47, Paseo de las Fuentes, Mérida, Yucatán, México CP 97225
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Mildred P. López-Uribe,

    1. Laboratorio de Arbovirología, Centro de Investigaciones Regionales Dr. Hideyo Noguchi, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Calle 96 s/n × Av. Jacinto Canek y Calle 47, Paseo de las Fuentes, Mérida, Yucatán, México CP 97225
    Search for more papers by this author
  • María Alba Loroño-Pino,

    1. Laboratorio de Arbovirología, Centro de Investigaciones Regionales Dr. Hideyo Noguchi, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Calle 96 s/n × Av. Jacinto Canek y Calle 47, Paseo de las Fuentes, Mérida, Yucatán, México CP 97225
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Roger Arana-Guardia,

    1. Laboratorio de Arbovirología, Centro de Investigaciones Regionales Dr. Hideyo Noguchi, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Calle 96 s/n × Av. Jacinto Canek y Calle 47, Paseo de las Fuentes, Mérida, Yucatán, México CP 97225
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Maria Puc-Tinal,

    1. Laboratorio de Arbovirología, Centro de Investigaciones Regionales Dr. Hideyo Noguchi, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Calle 96 s/n × Av. Jacinto Canek y Calle 47, Paseo de las Fuentes, Mérida, Yucatán, México CP 97225
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Genny M. López-Uribe,

    1. Laboratorio de Arbovirología, Centro de Investigaciones Regionales Dr. Hideyo Noguchi, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Calle 96 s/n × Av. Jacinto Canek y Calle 47, Paseo de las Fuentes, Mérida, Yucatán, México CP 97225
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Carlos Coba-Tún,

    1. Laboratorio de Arbovirología, Centro de Investigaciones Regionales Dr. Hideyo Noguchi, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Calle 96 s/n × Av. Jacinto Canek y Calle 47, Paseo de las Fuentes, Mérida, Yucatán, México CP 97225
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Carlos M. Baak-Baak,

    1. Laboratorio de Arbovirología, Centro de Investigaciones Regionales Dr. Hideyo Noguchi, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Calle 96 s/n × Av. Jacinto Canek y Calle 47, Paseo de las Fuentes, Mérida, Yucatán, México CP 97225
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Carlos Machain-Williams,

    1. Laboratorio de Arbovirología, Centro de Investigaciones Regionales Dr. Hideyo Noguchi, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Calle 96 s/n × Av. Jacinto Canek y Calle 47, Paseo de las Fuentes, Mérida, Yucatán, México CP 97225
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Guadalupe C. Reyes-Solis,

    1. Laboratorio de Arbovirología, Centro de Investigaciones Regionales Dr. Hideyo Noguchi, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Calle 96 s/n × Av. Jacinto Canek y Calle 47, Paseo de las Fuentes, Mérida, Yucatán, México CP 97225
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Saul Lozano-Fuentes,

    1. Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, U.S.A., lars.eisen@colostate.edu
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Karla Saavedra-Rodriguez,

    1. Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, U.S.A., lars.eisen@colostate.edu
    Search for more papers by this author
  • William C. Black IV,

    1. Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, U.S.A., lars.eisen@colostate.edu
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Barry J. Beaty,

    1. Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, U.S.A., lars.eisen@colostate.edu
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Lars Eisen

    1. Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, U.S.A., lars.eisen@colostate.edu
    Search for more papers by this author

ABSTRACT:

We collected mosquito immatures from artificial containers during 2010–2011 from 26 communities, ranging in size from small rural communities to large urban centers, located in different parts of Yucatán State in southeastern México. The arbovirus vector Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti was collected from all 26 examined communities, and nine of the communities also yielded another container-inhabiting Aedes mosquito: Aedes (Howardina) cozumelensis. The communities from which Ae. cozumelensis were collected were all small rural communities (<6,000 inhabitants) in the north-central part of Yucatán State. These new collection records for Ae. cozumelensis demonstrate that this mosquito has a far broader geographic range in the Yucatán Peninsula than previously known. Ae. cozumelensis immatures were collected from both residential premises and cemeteries, with specimens recovered from rock holes as well as various artificial containers including metal cans, flower vases, buckets, tires, and a water storage tank. The co-occurrence with Ae. aegypti in small rural communities poses intriguing questions regarding linkages between these mosquitoes, including the potential for direct competition for larval development sites. Additional studies are needed to determine how commonly Ae. cozumelensis feeds on human blood and whether it is naturally infected with arboviruses or other pathogens of medical or veterinary importance. We also summarize the published records for Ae. cozumelensis, which are restricted to collections from México's Yucatán Peninsula and Belize, and uniformly represent geographic locations where Ae. aegypti can be expected to occur.

Ancillary