Aedes species in treeholes and fruit husks between dry and wet seasons in southeastern Senegal

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ABSTRACT

During the dry season in February, 2010 and the wet season in September, 2011 we sampled mosquito larvae and eggs from treeholes of seven native hardwood species and the husks of Saba senegalensis in 18 sites in the PK-10 forest in southeastern Senegal. Larvae were reared to adults for species identification. In the dry season, we recovered 408 Aedes mosquitoes belonging to seven species. Aedes aegypti s.l. comprised 42.4% of the collection, followed by Ae. unilineatus (39%). In contrast to reports from East Africa, both Ae. aegypti aegypti and Ae. aegypti formosus were recovered, suggesting that both subspecies survive the dry season in natural larval habitats in West Africa. In the wet season, 455 mosquitoes were collected but 310 (68.1%) were the facultatively predaceous mosquito Eretmapodites chrysogaster. The remaining 145 mosquitoes consisted of ten Aedes species. Aedes aegypti s.l. comprised 55.1% of these, followed by Ae. apicoargenteus (15.2%) and Ae. cozi (11.7%). Similar to East Africa, most (90%) of Ae. aegypti s.l. in the wet season were subspecies formosus.

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