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References

  • Abe, Amii, “North Korea Entering a New Phase: We Are Not Interested in the U.S. Anymore,” NAPSNet Policy Forum Online 09-058A (16 July 2009), at <http://www.nautilus.org/publications/essays/napsnet/policy-forums-online/security2009-2010/09058Abe.html> (search date: 14 December 2010).
  • Bennett, Bruce, “Uncertainties in the North Korean Nuclear Threat,” RAND documented briefing (RAND, Santa Monica, 2010), at <http://www.rand.org/pubs/documented_briefings/2010/RAND_DB589.pdf> (searched date: 14 December 2010).
  • Betts, Richard K., Nuclear Blackmail and Nuclear Balance (Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution, 1987).
  • Choe, Chol-sun, “A Prelude to Provoking a Nuclear War,” Rodong Sinmun (19 April 2010).
  • DPRK Foreign Ministry Declares Strong Counter-Measures against UNSC's ‘Resolution 1874’,” KCNA (13 June 2009), at <http://www.kcna.co.jp/item/2009/200906/news13/20090613-10ee.html> (searched date: 14 December, 2010).
  • DPRK Foreign Ministry's Spokesman Dismisses U.S. Wrong Assertion,” KCNA (13 January 2009), at <http://www.kcna.co.jp/item/2009/200901/news13/20090113-13ee.html> (searched date: 14 December 2010).
  • DPRK Foreign Ministry's Spokesman Dismisses U.S. Wrong Assertion,” KCNA (17 January 2009), at <http://www.kcna.co.jp/item/2009/200901/news17/20090117-11ee.html> (searched date: 14 December 2010).
  • DPRK's KPA General Staff Spokesman's Reply to KCNA Reporter on ROK's Reaction to 5 April Launch,” KCNA (18 April 2009).
  • DPRK Radio 6 Oct Report: Kim Jong Il Visits Quarters of PRC Premier on 5 Oct,” KCBS (5 October 2009).
  • DPRK Cabinet Paper Decries ROK President's Remarks at Nuclear Security Summit,” Minju Joson (21 April 2010).
  • DPRK Cabinet Paper Expresses Will to Strengthen ‘War Deterrent’ Against US, ROK Joint War Exercise,” Minju Joson (14 March 2010).
  • DPRK Daily: DPRK Needs To Develop ‘Nuclear Deterrent’ in ‘Newly Developed Ways’,” Rodong Sinmun (5 July 2010).
  • DPRK Foreign Ministry Spokesman Totally Refutes UNSC ‘Resolution’,” KCNA (21 April 2010), at <http://www.kcna.co.jp/item/2006/200610/news10/18.htm#1> (searched date: 14 December 2010).
  • DPRK Military Commentator on ‘Truth’ Behind ‘Theories’ on DPRK's Torpedo Attack,” KCNA (25 May 2010).
  • DPRK Cabinet Organ on US Military Deployments, ‘Dialogue and War’‘Incompatible’,” Minju Joson (3 February 2009).
  • DPRK Issues Foreign Ministry ‘Memorandum’ 21 Apr on Denuclearization of Korean Peninsula,” KCNA (21 April 2010), Open Source translation found at <http://www.armscontrolwonk.com/2708/seoul-purposeoriginal> (searched date: 14 December 2010). Korean-language version online at <http://www.kcna.co.jp/calendar/2010/04/04-21/2010-0421-024.html>searched date: 14 December 2010).
  • DPRK Party Organ Decries UNSC Statement, Stresses DPRK's Exit From Six-Party Talks,” Rodong Sinmun (29 April 2009).
  • DPRK Party Organ Urges US To End Nuclear Threat, Abandon Hostile Policy Toward DPRK,” KCNA (28 June 2010).
  • Frank, Rudiger, “An Act of Open Insubordination? Implications of the Cheonan Incident for Domestic Politics in North Korea,” 38 North (9 May 2010), at <http://www.38north.org/?p=732> (searched date: 14 December 2010).
  • Gao, Haorong and Zhao Zhan, “DPRK Military Holds Press Briefing to Explain Its Position on the Cheonan Incident,” Xinhua Domestic Service (28 May 2010).
  • George, Alexander and Richard Smoke, Deterrence in American Foreign Policy (New York: Columbia University Press, 1974).
  • Grabo, Cynthia, Anticipating Surprise, Analysis for Strategic Warning (New York: University Press of America, 2004).
  • Hamel-Green, Michael, “Implementing a Japanese-Korean Nuclear Weapon Free Zone: Precedents, Legal Forms, Governance, Scope and Domain, Verification and Compliance, and Regional Benefits,” paper presented at the Nautilus Institute research workshop “Strong Connections: Australia-Korea Strategic Relations – Past, Present and Future” in Seoul (15–16 June 2010), at <http://www.nautilus.org/projects/akf-connections/research-workshop/research-papers/Hamel-Green.pdf> (search date: 14 December 2010).
  • Hayes, Peter, “North-South Korean Elements Of National Power,” NAPSNet Special Report (2 February 2011), at <http://www.nautilus.org/publications/essays/napsnet/reports/north-south-hayes> (searched date: 2 February 2011).
  • Hayes, Peter, Pacific Powderkeg, American Nuclear Dilemmas in Korea (Lexington: Lexington, 1991).
  • Hayes, Peter, “The Stalker State: North Korean Proliferation and the End of American Nuclear Hegemony,” NAPSNet Policy Forum Online 06-82A (4 October 2006), at <http://www.nautilus.org/fora/security/0682Hayes.html> (searched date: 14 December 2010).
  • Korea-Japan Nuclear Weapon Free Zone (KJNWFZ) Concept Paper,” Nautilus Institute (6 May 2010), at <http://www.globalcollab.org/Nautilus/initiatives/korea-japan-nwfz/introduction/> (search date: 14 December 2010).
  • Kessler, Glenn, “Analysis: North Korea Tests U.S. Policy of ‘Strategic Patience’,” Washington Post (27 May 2010), at <http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/05/26/AR2010052605047.html> (searched date: 14 December, 2010).
  • Kim, Myong Chol, “South Korea in the Line of Friendly Fire,” The Asia Times (26 May 2010), at <http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Korea/LE26Dg01.html> (searched date: 14 December 2010).
  • Kim, Seung Taek, “Rethinking Extended Deterrence,” CSIS (2 July 2010), at <http://csis.org/publication/rethinking-extended-deterrence-korean> (searched date: 14 December 2010).
  • Kotch, John Barry and Michael Abbey, “Ending Naval Clashes on the Northern Limit Line and the Quest for a West Sea Peace Regime,” Asian Perspective, 27-2 (2003), at <http://www.asianperspective.org/articles/v27n2-f.pdf> (searched date: 14 December 2010).
  • Lebow, Richard Ned, Nuclear Crisis Management: A Dangerous Illusion (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1987).
  • Lewis, Jeffrey, “Rethinking Extended Deterrence in Northeast Asia,” paper presented at the Nautilus Institute research workshop, “Strong Connections: Australia-Korea Strategic Relations – Past, Present and Future” in Seoul (15–16 June 2010), at <http://www.nautilus.org/projects/akf-connections/research-workshop/research-papers/Lewis.pdf> (search date: 14 December 2010).
  • MacEachern, Patrick, Inside The Red Box: North Korea's Post-Totalitarian Politics (Ph.D. dissertation, Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College, May 2009), at <http://etd.lsu.edu/docs/available/etd-04142009-234949/unrestricted/McEachern_diss.pdf> (searched date: 2 February 2011).
  • McGlynn, John, “Politics in Command: The ‘International’ Investigation into the Sinking of the Cheonan and the Risk of a New Korean War,” The Asia-Pacific Journal (14 June 2010), at <http://www.japanfocus.org/-John-McGlynn/3372> (searched date: 14 December 2010).
  • Morgan, Patrick, Deterrence: A Conceptual Analysis (Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 1977).
  • Morgan, Patrick, “Deterrence and System Management: The Case of North Korea,” Conflict Management and Peace Science, 23 (2006), pp. 121138.
  • Nanto, Richard, “North Korea: Chronology of Provocations, 1950–2003,” Congressional Research Service (18 March 2003), at <http://www.nautilus.org/DPRKBriefingBook/military/CRS-RL30004_NorthKoreaChronologyofProvocations.pdf> (searched date: 14 December 2010).
  • NDC Holds Press Conference on ‘Cheonan’ Sinking,” KCNA (28 May 2010), at <http://www.kcna.co.jp/index-e.htm> (searched date: 14 December 2010).
  • Pyongyang Korean Central Broadcasting Station, Broadcast (24 May 2010).
  • Song, Yong-sok, “Criminal Solicitation Game Aimed at a Nuclear War,” Rodong Sinmun (14 April 2010).
  • The Joint Civilian-Military Investigation Group, Investigation Result on the Sinking of ROK's “Cheonan” (20 May 2010), at <http://www.mnd.go.kr/mndEng_2009/WhatsNew/RecentNews/> (searched date: 14 December 2010).
  • Toloraya, Georgy, “Russia and the North Korean Knot,” The Asia-Pacific Journal (19 April 2010), at <http://www.japanfocus.org/-Georgy-Toloraya/3345> (searched date: 14 December 2010).
  • US-S. Korean Moves to Bring down System in DPRK Warned,” KCNA (26 March 2010), at <http://www.kcna.co.jp/item/2010/201003/news26/20100326-04ee.html> (searched date: 2 February 2011).
  • Van Dyke, Jon M., Mark J. Valencia and Jenny Miller Garmendia, “The North/South Korea Boundary Dispute in the Yellow (West) Sea,” Marine Policy, 27 (2003), pp. 143158.