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CICERO'S FIRST PHILIPPIC AND THE FALL OF THE REPUBLIC

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Abstract

This study has two parallel themes, one literary, the other historical. It is argued that it was in the First Phillipic, rather than its more famous successor, that Cicero made his irrevocable break with Antony. Prior to that, it had been a combination of indecision, absence from key senatorial meetings, and underestimate of the designs and the capacity of Caesar's heir Octavius, that gradually marginalized him politically and deprived the Republic of its last potentially effective champion.

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