Does the Argument from Realization Generalize? Responses to Kim


  • Carl Gillett,

    1. Illinois Wesleyan University
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      Carl Gillett is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Illinois Wesleyan University. His main areas of research are the nature and implications of physicalism, most recently with relevance to mental causation. He has co-edited Physicalism and Its Discontents (with Barry Loewer), which is forthcoming from Cambridge University Press.

  • Bradley Rives

    1. University of Maryland, College Park
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      Bradley Rives is a graduate student at the University of Maryland, College Park.


By quantifying over properties we cannot create new properties any more than by quantifying over individuals we can create new individuals. Someone murdered Jones, and the murderer is either Smith or Jones or Wang. That “someone,” who murdered Jones, is not a person in addition to Smith, Jones, and Wang, and it would be absurd to posit a disjunctive person, Smith-or-Jones-or-Wang, with whom to identify the murderer. The same goes for second-order properties and their realizers. (Kim 1997a, 201)