Imaging of the larynx and pharynx has traditionally been limited to upper airway endoscopy and radiography. Recently, ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography have become used more widely. These modalities have increased our diagnostic yield when investigating disorders of the upper airway. The Case Report in this issue (Koenig et al. 2012) describes the diagnosis and biopsy of a laryngeal mass using ultrasonography illustrating one novel application of laryngeal ultrasonography. Increased use of laryngeal ultrasonography and advanced imaging of the larynx and pharynx will hopefully lead to a better understanding of conditions of the upper airway and improved treatment strategies.