Endoscopic and virological observations on respiratory disease in a group of young Thoroughbred horses in training

Authors

  • M. H. BURRELL

    1. Department of Veterinary Surgery, University of Glasgow, Bearsden Road, Bearsden, Glasgow G61 1QH
    Search for more papers by this author
    • 2

      Animal Health Trust, Lanwades Park, Kennet, Newmarket, Suffolk CB8 7PN


Summary

A group of racehorses in training was examined on several occasions with a fibreoptic endoscope and monitored for viral infection. Only equine herpes virus-2 (EHV-2) infection was detected. Pharyngeal lymphoid hyperplasia (PLH) was present in all horses and decreased in severity with age. There was no association between PLH severity and antibody titres to EHV-1, or with the isolation of EHV-2. Finishing position in races was not affected by PLH severity. Exercise induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH) was evident on 23 out of 49 (47 per cent) examinations after maximal speed training exercise. Eighteen out of 19 (95 per cent) horses examined on at least two occasions had EIPH but its occurrence was not predictable. Observable mucoid or mucopurulent exudate was present in the trachea in 60 out of 118 (50 per cent) examinations and the amount seen was increased following exercise.

Ancillary