The effect of age and parity on the development of equine chronic endometrial disease



The results of a retrospective analysis of 3,804 endometrial biopsy specimens collected from non-pregnant mares during the course of routine equine stud farm practice demonstrates a significant and practically useful correlation between the severity of chronic degenerative endometrial disease (CDE) diagnosed and age of mare at the time of examination. There were significant correlations between the number of foals born and the mares' barren years prior to biopsy and the severity of CDE, but the differences were not sufficiently large to be useful. Correlations between the severity of chronic infiltrative endometritis (CIE) and age or pre-biopsy parity were minimal. The results suggest that using similar histopathological criteria to those used by Kenney and Doig (1986), mares up to nine years of age should have no signs of CDE, mares up to 13 years of age should have no more than mild signs, mares up to 15 years of age should have no more than moderate signs and mares aged 17 years or older are likely to have severe signs. We believe that these guidelines are a useful, objective aid for formulating a breeding prognosis.