SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Bonagura, J.D. (1994) Equine echocardiography. Br. vet. J. 150, 503506.
  • Colan, S.D. (1992) Mechanics of left ventricular systolic and diastolic function in physiologic hypertrophy of the athlete heart. Cardiol. Clin. 10, 227240.
  • Colan, S.D., Sanders, S.P. and Borow, K.M. (1987) Physiological hypertrophy: Effects on left ventricular systolic mechanics in athletes. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 9, 776784.
  • Devereux, R.B. and Reichek, N. (1977) Echocardiographic estimation of ventricular mass in man: anatomic validation of the method. Circulation 55, 613618.
  • Fagard, R.H. (1996) Athlete's heart: a meta-analysis of the echocardiographic experience. Int. J. Sports Med. 17, Suppl. 3, S140S144.
  • Fagard, R.H. (1997) Impact of different sports and training on cardiac structure and function. Cardiol. Clin. 15, 397412.
  • Grossman, W., Jones, D. and McLaurin, L.P. (1975) Wall stress and patterns of hypertrophy in the human left ventricle. J. clin. Invest. 56, 5664.
  • Huonker, M., Konig, D. and Keul, J. (1996) Assessment of left ventricular dimensions and functions in athletes and sedentary subjects at rest and during exercise using echocardiography, Doppler sonography and radionuclide ventriculography. Int. J. sports Med. 17, Suppl. 3, S173S179.
  • Kubo, K., Senta, T. and Sugimoto, O. (1974) Relationship between training and heart in the Thoroughbred racehorse. Experimental Reports of Equine Health Laboratory 11, 8793.
  • Long, K.J. (1992) Two-dimensional and M-mode echocardiography. Equine vet. Educ. 4, 303310.
  • Long, K.J., Bonagura, J.D. and Darke, P.G.G. (1992) Standardised imaging technique for guided M-mode and Doppler echocardiography in the horse. Equine vet. J. 24, 226235.
  • Lord, P.F. and Croft, M.A. (1990) Accuracy of formulae for calculating left ventricular volumes of the equine heart. Equine vet. J Suppl. 9, 5356.
  • Marr, C.M. (1994) Equine echocardiography-sound advice at the heart of the matter. Br. vet. J. 150, 527545.
  • Matsuda, M., Sugishita, Y., Yamaguchi, T., Tamura, T. and Ita, I. (1981) Pulmonary flow velocity patterns in patients with pulmonary hypertension: A study using pulsed Doppler echocardiography combined with 2-dimensional echoardiography. J. Cardiol. 11, 603614.
  • Mills, J.D., Moore, G.E. and Thompson, P.D. (1997) The athlete's heart. Clin. Sports Med. 16, 725737.
  • O'Callaghan, M.W. (1985) Comparison of echocardiographic and autopsy measurements of cardiac dimensions in the horse. Equine vet. J. 17, 361368.
  • Patteson, M.W. (1993) Echocardiographic Studies in Horses, PhD Thesis, University of Bristol.
  • Patteson, M.W., Gibbs, C., Wotton, P.R. and Cripps, P.J. (1995) Echocardiographic measurements of cardiac dimensions and indices of cardiac function in normal adult Thoroughbred horses. Equine vet. J Suppl. 19, 1827.
  • Pelliccia, A. (1996) Determinants of morphologic cardiac adaptation in elite athletes: the role of athletic training and constitutional factors. Int. J. Sports Med. 11, Suppl. 3, S157S163.
  • Reef, V.B. (1995) Heart murmurs in horses: determining their significance with echocardiography. Equine vet. J Suppl. 19, 7180.
  • Vuille, C. and Weyman, A.E. (1994) Left ventricle 1: General considerations, assessment of chamber size and function. In: Principles and Practice of Echocardiography, 2nd edn., Ed: A.E.Weyman, Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia. pp 575624.
  • Weyman, A.E. (1994) Cross-sectional scanning: Technical principles and instrumentation. In: Principles and Practice of Echocardiography, 2nd edn., Ed: A.E.Weyman, Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, pp 2956.
  • Wilmore, J.H. and Costill, D.L. (1994) Cardiorespiratory adaptations to training. In: Physiology of Sport and Exercise, Eds: J.H.Wilmore and D.L.Costill, Human Kinetics, Leeds. pp 214238.
  • Young, L.E. and Scott, G.R. (1998) Measurement of cardiac function by transthoracic echocardiography: Day to day variability and repeatability in Thoroughbred horses. Equine vet. J. 30, 117122.