Current address: Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, University of Edinburgh, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, Easter Bush Veterinary Centre, Easter Bush, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9RG, Scotland, UK.
Motion pattern of the toelt of Icelandic horses at different speeds
Article first published online: 10 JUN 2010
© 2001 EVJ Ltd
Equine Veterinary Journal
Volume 33, Issue S33, pages 109–111, April 2001
How to Cite
ZIPS, S., PEHAM, C., SCHEIDL, M., LICKA, T. and GIRTLER, D. (2001), Motion pattern of the toelt of Icelandic horses at different speeds. Equine Veterinary Journal, 33: 109–111. doi: 10.1111/j.2042-3306.2001.tb05371.x
- Issue published online: 10 JUN 2010
- Article first published online: 10 JUN 2010
- Icelandic horse;
- motion analysis;
- motion pattern
The toelt of the Icelandic horse is a symmetric 4-beat gait, with alternating single and double support phases. By definition, the duration of the diagonal and ipsilateral stance phases should be similar. The aim of this study was to investigate the stride characteristics of horses ridden at toelt, and to compare these to previous descriptions of this gait. The kinematics of 23 Icelandic horses was measured using the Expert Vision System. Mature and sound horses, used for pleasure riding and/or competitions, were ridden at toelt at 3 different speeds. For each horse, 10 strides were measured at toelting speeds of 2.9 m/s (s.d. 0.28), 3.7 m/s (s.d. 0.29) and 4.7 m/s (s.d. 0.53). Seven horses showed true toelt pattern at one or 2 speeds. At the highest speed, 60% of all motion cycles showed the pattern of 4-beat pace. This investigation shows that the previously described toelt pattern is present only over a narrow speed range, and toelt at extended speed is, in fact, a 4-beat pace or rarely a 4-beat trot.