SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Audigié, F., Pourcelot, P., Degueurce, C., Denoix, J.-M. and Geiger, D. (1999) Kinematics of the equine back: flexion-extension movements in sound trotting horses. Equine vet. J., Suppl. 30, 210213.
  • Back, W., Schamhardt, H.C., Savelberg, H.H.C.M., Van den Bogert, A.J., Bruin, G., Hartman, W. and Barneveld, A. (1995) How the horse moves: ***1. Significance of graphical representations of equine forelimb kinematics. Equine vet. J. 27, 3138.
  • Back, W., Schmhardt, H.C. and Barneveld, A. (1996) Are kinematics of the walk related to the locomotion of the warmblood horse at the trot Vet. Quart. 18, Suppl. 2, S79S84.
  • Buchner, H.H.F., Savelberg, H.H.C.M., Schamhardt, H.C. and Barneveld, A. (1996) Head and trunk movement adaptations in horses with experimentally induced fore- or hindlimb lameness. Equine vet. J. 28, 7176.
  • Buchner, H.H.F., Savelberg, H.H.C.M., Schamhardt, H.C., Merkens, H.W. and Barneveld, A. (1994) Kinematics of treadmill versus overground locomotion in horses. Vet. Quart. 16, Suppl. 2, S87S90.
  • Clayton, H.M. (1994) Comparison of the stride kinematics of the collected, medium and extended trot in horses. Equine vet. J. 26, 230234.
  • Faber, M., Johnston, C., Schamhardt, H., Van Weeren, R., Roepstorff, L. and Barneveld, A. (2001) Basic three-dimensional kinematics of the vertebral column of horses during trotting on a treadmill. Am. J. vet. Res. 62, 757764.
  • Haussler, K.K., Bertram, J.E.A. and Gellman, K. (2001) Segmental in vivo vertebral kinematics at the walk, trot and canter: a preliminary study. Equine vet. J., Suppl. 33, 160164.
  • Holmström, M., Fredricson, I. and Drevemo, S. (1995) Biokinematic effects of collection on trotting gaits in the elite dressage horse. Equine vet. J. 27, 281287.
  • Leach, D.H. and Drevemo, S. (1991) Velocity-dependent changes in stride frequency and length of trotters on a treadmill. In: Equine Exercise Physiology 3, Eds: S.G.Persson, A.Lindohlm and L.B.Jeffcott, ICEEP Publications, Davis, California. pp 136140.
  • McLaughlin, R.M., Gaughan, E.M., Roush, J.K. and Skaggs, C.L. (1996) Effects of subject velocity on ground reaction and stance times in clinically normal horses at the walk ant trot. Am. J. vet. Res. 57, 711.
  • Peham, C., Licka, T., Mayr, A. and Scheidl, M. (2000) Individual speed dependency of forelimb lameness in trotting horses. Vet. J. 160, 135138.
  • Pourcelot, P., ***Degueurce, C., Audigié, F., Denoix, J.-M. and Geiger, D. (1997) Kinematic analysis of the locomotion symmetry of sound horses at a slow trot. Equine vet. J., Suppl. 23, 9396.
  • Robert, C., Valette, J.P. and Denoix, J.-M. (2000) The effects of treadmill inclination and speed on the activity of two hindlimb muscles in the trotting horse. Equine vet. J. 32, 312317.
  • Robert, C., Valette, J.-P. and Denoix, J.-M. (2001a) The effects of treadmill inclination and speed on the activity of three trunk muscles in the trotting horse. Equine vet. J. 33, 466472.
  • Robert, C., Audigié, F., Valette, J.-P., Pourcelot, P. and Denoix, J.-M. (2001b) Effects of treadmill speed on the mechanics of the back in the trotting saddlehorse. Equine vet. J., Suppl. 33, 154159.
  • Rooney, J.R. (1982) The horse's back: biomechanics of lameness. Equine Pract. 4, 1727.
  • Rooney, J.R., Thompson, K.N. and Shapiro, R. (1991) A contribution to the study of velocity, stride length and frequency in the horse. Equine vet. Sci. 11, 208209.
  • Tokuriki, M. and Aoki, O. (1991) Neck muscles activity in horses during locomotion with and without a rider. In: Equine Exercise Physiology 3, Eds: S.G.Persson, A.Lindohlm and L.B.Jeffcott, ICEEP Publications, Davis, California. pp 146150.
  • Tokuriki, M. and Aoki, O. (1995) Electromyographic activity of the hindlimb muscles during the walk, trot and canter. Equine vet. J., Suppl. 18, 152155.
  • Tokuriki, M., Otsuki, R., Kai, M., Hiraga, A. and Aoki, O. (1997) Electromyographic activity of trunk muscles during locomotion on a treadmill. In: Proceedings of the 5th Congress of the World Equine Veterinary Association. p 26.
  • Tokuriki, M., Aoki, O., Niki, Y., Kurakawa, Y., Hataya, M. and Kita, T. (1989) Electromyographic activity of cubital joint muscles in horses during locomotion. Am. J. vet. Res. 50, 950957.
  • Van Weeren, P.R., Van den Bogert, A.J., Back, W. and Barneveld, A. (1990) A quantitative analysis of skin displacement in the trotting horse. Equine vet. J., Suppl. 9, 101109.
  • Van Weeren, P.R., Van den Bogert, A.J., Back, W., Bruin, G. and Barneveld, A. (1993) Kinematics of the standardbred trotter measured at 6, 7, 8 and 9 m/s on a treadmill, before and after 5 months of prerace training. Acta Anat. 146, 154161.
  • Vorstenbosch, M.A.T.M., Buchner, H.H.F., Savelberg, H.H.C.M., Schamhardt, H.C. and Barneveld, A. (1997) Modeling study of compensatory head movements in lame horses. Am. J. vet. Res. 58, 713718.
  • Wentink, G.H. (1978) Biokinetical analysis of movement of the pelvic limb of the horse and the role of the muscles in the walk and the trot. Anat. Embryol. 152, 261272.