• horse;
  • oesophageal pressure;
  • exercise-induced pulmonary haemorrhage


We determined whether the caudodorsal region of the intrapleural space in exercising horses experiences larger pressure fluctuations than other regions and whether systematic phase-shifting of peak intrapleural pressures along the length of the thorax suggests the existence of locomotor-induced intrapleural pressure waves. We utilised percutaneous introducers and solid-state pressure-tip transducers implanted along the dorsal aspect of the thorax, mid-thorax or oesophagus to measure regional intrapleural pressures while 3 horses galloped on a flat treadmill at 13–14 m/s, then recorded pressures from the same catheters when horses exercised intensely (heart rate 170–190 beats/min) while swimming with no ground concussion. Pressure excursions in the caudodorsal region did not vary systematically from other regions during galloping or swimming, nor more than a few torr between different locations. During swimming, peak expiratory pressures were higher than during galloping (68–79 vs. 26–32 torr), and horses breathed explosively at frequencies 5 times slower than while galloping (28 vs. 120/min). During galloping, individual catheter locations registered locomotor concussion; however, this was variable and did not indicate a systematic pressure wave passing through the lung or intrapleural space.