SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Arvidsson, I., Arvidsson, H., Eriksson, E. and Jansson, E. (1986) Prevention of quadriceps wasting after immobilization: An evaluation of the effect of electrical stimulation. Orthop. 9, 1519-1528.
  • Bax, L., Staes, F. and Verhagen, A. (2005) Does neuromuscular electrical stimulation strengthen the quadriceps femoris? A systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Sports Med. 35, 191-212.
  • Brooke, M.H. and Kaiser, K.K. (1970) Muscle fiber type: How many and what kind? Arch. Neuro. 23, 369-379.
  • Carrol, T.J., Herbert, R.D., Munn, J., Lee, E. and Gandevia, S.C. (2006) Contralateral effect of unilateral strength training: evidence and possible mechanisms. J. appl. Physiol. 101, 1514-1522.
  • Colson, S.S., Martin, A. and Van Hoecke, J. (2009) Effects of electrostimulation versus voluntary isometric training on elbow flexor muscle strength. J. Electromyogr. Kinesiol. 19, 311-319.
  • Dallaire, A. (1986) Rest behaviour. Vet. Clin. N. Am.: Equine Pract. Behav. 2, 591-607.
  • Del Corso, S., Nápolis, L., Malaguti, C., Gimenes, A.C., Albuquerque, A., Nogueira, C.R., De Fuccio, M.B., Pereira, R.D., Bulle, A., McFariane, N., Nery, L.E. and Neder, J.A. (2007) Skeletal muscle structure and function in response to electrical stimulation in moderately impaired COPD patients. Respir. Med. 101, 1236-1243.
  • Delitto, A. and Snyder-Mackler, L. (1990) Two theories of muscle strength augmentation using percutaneous electrical stimulation. Phys. Ther. 70, 158-164.
  • Dorgan, S.J. and Reilly, R.B. (1999) A model for human skin impedance during surface functional neuromuscular stimulation. IEEE Trans. Rehab. Eng. 7, 341-348.
  • Eriksson, E., Häggmark, T., Kiessling, K.H. and Karlsson, J. (1981) Effect of electrical stimulation on human skeletal muscle. Int. J. Sports Med. 2, 18-22.
  • Essén, B., Lindholm, A. and Thornton, J. (1980) Histochemical properties of muscle fibre types and enzyme activities in skeletal muscles of Standardbred trotters of different ages. Equine vet. J. 12, 175-180.
  • Essén-Gustavsson, B., Karlström, K. and Lindholm, A. (1984) Fibre types, enzyme activities and substrate utilisation in skeletal muscles of horses competing in endurance rides. Equine vet. J. 16, 197-202.
  • Essén-Gustavsson, B., McMiken, D., Karlström, K., Lindholm, A., Persson, S. and Thornton, J. (1989) Muscular adaptation of horses during intensive training and detraining. Equine vet. J. 21, 27-33.
  • Gauthier, J.M., Thériault, B., Thériault, G., Gélinas, Y. and Simeneau, J.A. (1992) Electrical stimulation induced changes in skeletal muscle enzymes of men and women. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 24, 1252-1256.
  • Gibson, J.N., Smith, K. and Rennie, M.J. (1988) Prevention of disuse muscle atrophy by means of electrical stimulation: Maintenance of protein synthesis. Lancet 1, 767-770.
  • Gondin, J., Guette, M., Ballay, Y. and Martin, A. (2006) Neural and muscular changes to detraining after electrostimulation training. Eur. J. appl. Physiol. 97, 165-173.
  • Gorgey, A.S. and Dudley, G.A. (2008) The role of pulse duration and stimulation duration in maximizing the normalized torque during neuromuscular electrical stimulation. J. Orthop. Sports Phys. Ther. 38, 508-516.
  • Hainaut, K. and Duchateau, J. (1992) Neuromuscular electrical stimulation and voluntary exercise. Sports Med. 14, 100-113.
  • Han, T.R., Kim, D.Y., Lim, S.J. and Lee, K.J. (2007) The control parameters within the therapeutic range in neuromuscular electrical stimulation. Int. J. Neurosci. 117, 107-119.
  • Herrero, J.A., Izquierdo, M., Maffiuletti, N.A. and Garcia-López, J. (2006) Electromyostimulation and plyometric training effects on jumping and sprint time. Int. J. Sports Med. 27, 533-539.
  • Kaczmarek, P., Huber, J., Lisinski, P., Witkowska, A. and Kasinski, A. (2009) Investigation of the relationship between stimulus parameters and a human muscle contraction force during stimulation of the gastrocnemius muscle. Artif. Organs. 34, 1525-1594.
  • Karlström, K., Essén-Gustavsson, B. and Lindholm, A. (1994) Fibre type distribution, capillarization and enzymatic profile of locomotor and nonlocomotor muscles of horses and steers. Acta Anat. 151, 97-106.
  • Lake, D.A. (1992) Neuromuscular electrical stimulation - An overview and its application in the treatment of sports injuries. Sports Med. 13, 320-336.
  • Laughman, R.K., Youdas, J.W., Garrett, T.R. and Chao, E.Y.S. (1983) Strength changes in the normal quadriceps femoris muscle as a result of electrical stimulation. Phys. Ther. 63, 494-499.
  • Lindholm, A. and Piehl, K. (1974) Fibre composition, enzyme activity and concentrations of metabolites and electrolytes in muscles of Standardbred horses. Acta vet. Scand. 15, 287-309.
  • Lowry, O.H. and Passonneau, J.V. (1972). In: A Flexible System of Enzymatic Analysis, Academic Press, New York. pp 175.
  • McGowan, C.M., Stubbs, N.C. and Jull, G.A. (2007) Equine physiotherapy: a comparative view of the science underlying the profession. Equine vet. J. 39, 90-94.
  • Nuhr, M.J., Crevenna, R., Gohlsch, B., Bittner, C., Pleiner, J., Wiesinger, G., Fialka-Moser, V., Quittan, M. and Pette, D. (2003) Functional and biochemical properties of chronically stimulated human skeletal muscle. Eur. J. appl. Physiol. 89, 202-208.
  • Nuhr, M.J., Pette, D., Berger, R., Quittan, M., Crevenna, R., Huelsman, M., Wiesinger, G.F., Moser, P., Fialka-Moser, V. and Pacher, R. (2004) Beneficial effects of chronic low-frequency stimulation of thigh muscles in patients with advanced chronic heart failure. Eur. Heart J. 25, 136-143.
  • Parker, M.G., Bennett, M.J., Hieb, M.A., Hollar, A.C. and Roe, A.A. (2003) Strength response in human femoris muscle during 2 neuromuscular electrical stimulation programs. J. Orthop. Sports Phys. Ther. 33, 719-726.
  • Pérez, M., Lucia, A., Rivero, J.L., Serrano, A.L., Calbet, J.A.L., Delgado, M.A. and Chicharro, J.L. (2002) Effect of transcutaneous short-term electrical stimulation on m. vastus lateralis characteristics of healthy young men. Pflugers Arch. 443, 866-874.
  • Requena-Sánchez, B., Padial Puche, P. and González-Badillo, J.J. (2005) Percutaneous electrical stimulation in strength training an update. J. Strength Cond. Res. 19, 438-448.
  • Rivero, J.L. and Serrano, A.L. (1999) Skeletal myosin heavy chain composition and carriage training. Equine vet. J., Suppl. 30, 318-323.
  • Ronéus, M., Essén-Gustavsson, B., Lindholm, A. and Persson, S.G. (1992) Skeletal muscle characteristics in young trained and untrained standardbred trotters. Equine vet. J. 24, 292-294.
  • Salmons, S. (2009) Adaptive changes in electrically stimulated muscle: A framework for the design of clinical protocols. Muscle Nerve. 40, 918-935.
  • Serrano, A.L., Quiroz-Rothe, E. and Rivero, J.L. (2000) Early and long-term changes of equine skeletal muscle in response to endurance training and detraining. Pflugers Arch. 441, 263-274.
  • Söderlund, K., Greenhaff, P.L. and Hultman, E. (1992) Energy metabolism in type I and type II human muscle fibres during short term electrical stimulation at different frequencies. Acta Physiol. Scand. 144, 15-22.
  • Suetta, C., Aagaard, P., Rosted, A., Jakobsen, A.K., Duus, B., Kjaer, M. and Magnusson, S.P. (2004) Training-induced changes in muscle CSA, muscle strength, EMG, and rate of force development in elderly subjects after long unilateral disuse. J. appl. Physiol. 97, 1954-1961.
  • Suetta, C., Andersen, J.L., Dalgas, U., Berget, J., Koskinen, S., Aagaard, P., Magnusson, S.P. and Kjaer, M. (2008) Resistance training induces qualitative changes in muscle morphology, muscle architecture, and muscle function in elderly postoperative patients. J. appl. Physiol. 105, 180-186.
  • Thériault, R., Thériault, G. and Simoneau, J.A. (1994) Human skeletal muscle adaptation in response to chronic low-frequency electrical stimulation. J. appl. Physiol. 77, 1885-1889.
  • Vanderthommen, M. and Duchateau, J. (2007) Electrical stimulation as a modality to improve performance of the neuromuscular system. Exerc. Sports Sci. Rev. 35, 180-185.
  • Wigerstad-Lossing, I., Grimby, G., Jonsson, T., Morelli, B., Peterson, L. and Renström, P. (1988) Effects of electrical muscle stimulation combined with voluntary contractions after knee ligament surgery. Med. Sci. Sports Exer. 20, 93-98.