SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Biau, S., Couve, O., Lemaire, S. and Barrey, E. (2002) The effect of reins on kinetic variables of locomotion. Equine vet. J., Suppl. 34, 359-362.
  • Buchner, H.H.F., Savelberg, H.H.C.M., Schamhardt, H.C. and Barneveld, A. (1997) Inertial properties of Dutch Warmblood horses. J. Biomech. 30, 653-658.
  • Clayton, H.M. and Townsend, H.G. (1989) Kinematics of the cervical spine of the adult horse. Equine vet. J. 21, 189-192.
  • De Heus, P., Van Oossanen, G., Van Dierendonck, M.C. and Back, W. (2010) A pressure algometer is a useful tool to objectively monitor the effect of diagnostic palpation of a physiotherapist in Warmblood horses. J. equine vet. Sci. 30, 310-321.
  • Denoix, J.M. and Audigie, F. (2001) The neck and back. In: Equine Locomotion, 1st edn., Eds: W.Back and H.M.Clayton, W.B. Saunders, London. pp 167-192.
  • Dunbar, D.C., Macpherson, J.M., Simmons, R.W. and Zarcades, A. (2008) Stabilization and mobility of the head, neck and trunk in horses during overground locomotion: Comparisons with humans and other primates. J. expt. Biol. 211, 3889-3907.
  • Gellman, K.S. and Bertram, J.E.A. (2002a) The equine nuchal ligament 1: Structural and material properties. Vet. Comp. orthop. Traumatol. 15, 1-6.
  • Gellman, K.S. and Bertram, J.E.A. (2002b) The equine nuchal ligament 2: Passive dynamic energy exchange in locomotion. Vet. Comp. orthop. Traumatol. 15, 7-14.
  • Gellman, K.S., Bertram, J.E. and Hermanson, J.W. (2002) Morphology, histochemistry, and function of epaxial cervical musculature in the horse (Equus caballus). J. Morphol. 251, 182-194.
  • Gómez-Álvarez, C.B., Rhodin, M., Bobbert, M.F., Meyer, H., Weishaupt, M.A., Johnston, C. and Van Weeren, P.R. (2006) The effect of head and neck position on the thoracolumbar kinematics in the unridden horse. Equine vet. J., Suppl. 36, 445-451.
  • Haussler, K.K. and Erb, H.N. (2006) Mechanical nociceptive thresholds in the axial skeleton of horses. Equine vet J. 38, 70-75.
  • Heuschmann, G. (2007) Tug of War: Classical Versus ‘Modern’ Dressage (Translated from Finger in Der Wunde), Trafalgar Square Books, Vermont.
  • Jeffcott, L.B., Attock, A. and Higgins, A. (2006) The Use of over Bending (‘Rollkur’) in FEI Competition. Report of the FEI Veterinary and Dressage Committees' Workshop, Fédération Equestre International (FEI), Lausanne.
  • Levine, J.M., Ngheim, P.P., Levine, G.J. and Cohen, N.D. (2008) Associations of sex, breed, and age with cervical vertebral compressive myelopathy in horses: 811 cases (1974- 2007). Vet. Radiol. Ultrasound 49, 1-6.
  • Moore, B.R., Holbrook, T.C., Stefanacci, J.D., Reed, S.M., Tate, L.P. and Menard, M.C. (1992) Contrast-enhanced computed tomography and myelography in six horses with cervical stenotic myelopathy. Equine vet. J. 24, 197-202.
  • Reuleaux, F. (1875) Theoretische Kinematik: Grundzüge Einer Theorie Des Maschinenwesens. F. Vieweg, Braunschweig; MacMillan, London. (1963) The Kinematics of Machinery: Outline of A Theory of Machines, (translated by A.B.W. Kennedy), Dover, New York. pp 56-70
  • Rhodin, M., Gomez Alvarez, C.B., Bystrom, A., Johnston, C., Van Weeren, P.R., Roepstorff, L. and Weishaupt, M.A. (2009) The effect of different head and neck positions on the caudal back and hindlimb kinematics in the elite dressage horse at trot. Equine vet. J. 41, 274-279.
  • Rhodin, M., Johnston, C., Holm, K.R., Wennerstrand, J. and Drevemo, S. (2005) The influence of head and neck position on kinematics of the back in riding horses at the walk and trot. Equine vet. J. 37, 7-11.
  • Ricardi, G. and Dyson, S.J. (1993) Forelimb lameness associated with radiographic abnormalities of the cervical vertebrae. Equine vet. J. 25, 422-426.
  • Sleutjens, J., Voorhout, G., Wijnberg, I.D., Van Der Kolk, J.H. and Back, W. (2010) The effect of ex vivo flexion and extension on intervertebral foramina dimensions in the equine cervical spine. Equine vet. J., Suppl. 42 (Suppl. 38), 426-431.
  • Sloet van Oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan, M.M., Blok, M.B., Begeman, L., Kamphuis, M.C.D., Lameris, M.C., Spierenburg, A.J. and Lashley, M.J.J.O. (2006) Workload and stress in horses: comparison in horses ridden deep and round (‘Rolkür’) with a draw rein and horses ridden in a natural frame with only light rein contact. Tijdschr. Diergeneeskd. 131, 114-119.
  • Tokuriki, M., Ohtsuki, R., Kai, M., Hiraga, A., Oki, H., Miyahara, Y. and Aoki, O. (1999) EMG activity of the muscles of the neck and forelimbs during different forms of locomotion. Equine vet. J., Suppl. 30, 231-234.
  • Van Breda, E. (2006) A nonnatural head-neck position (Rolkür) during training results in less acute stress in elite, trained, dressage horses. J. appl. Anim. Welf. Sci. 9, 59-64.
  • Van Weeren, P.R. (2005) Equine ergonomics: A new era? Equine vet. J. 37, 4-6.
  • Von Borstel, U.U., Duncan, I.J.H., Shoveller, A.K., Merkies, K., Keeling, L.J. and Millman, S.T. (2009) Impact of riding in a coercively obtained Rollkur posture on welfare and fear of performance horses. Appl. anim. behav. Sci. 116, 228-236.
  • Waldern, N.M., Wiestner, T., Von Peinen, K., Gómez Álvarez, C.G., Roepstorff, L., Johnston, C., Meyer, H. and Weishaupt, M.A. (2009) Influence of different head-neck positions on vertical ground reaction forces, linear and time parameters in the unridden horse walking and trotting on a treadmill. Equine vet. J. 41, 268-273.
  • Weishaupt, M.A., Wiestner, T., Von Peinen, K., Waldern, N., Roepstorff, L., Van Weeren, R., Meyer, H. and Johnston, C. (2006) Effect of head and neck position on vertical ground reaction forces and interlimb coordination in the dressage horse ridden at walk and trot on a treadmill. Equine vet. J., Suppl. 36, 387-392.
  • Wijnberg, I.D., Back, W., De Jong, M., Zuidhof, M.C., Van Den Belt, A.J.M. and Van Der Kolk, J.H. (2004) The role of electromyography in clinical diagnosis of neuromuscular locomotor problems in the horse. Equine vet. J. 36, 718-722.