SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Bortoff, A. (1965) Electrical transmission of slow waves from longitudinal to circular intestinal muscle. Am. J. Physiol. 209, 1254-1260.
  • Farrugia, G. (1999) Ionic conductances in gastrointestinal smooth muscles and interstitial cells of Cajal. Annu. Rev. Physiol. 61, 45-84.
  • Goto, K., Matsuoka, S. and Noma, A. (2004) Two types of spontaneous depolarisations in the interstitial cells freshly prepared from the murine small intestine. J. Physiol. 559, 411-422.
  • Horowitz, B., Ward, S.M. and Sanders, K.M. (1999) Cellular and molecular basis for electrical rhythmicity in gastrointestinal muscles. Annu. Rev. Physiol. 61, 19-43.
  • Hudson, N.P.H., Pearson, G.T. and Mayhew, I.G. (2001) In vitro microelectrode study of the electrical properties of smooth muscle in equine ileum. Vet. Rec. 149, 707-711.
  • Hudson, N.P.H., Pearson, G.T. and Mayhew, I.G. (2002) Presence of in vitro electrical activity in the ileum of horses with enteric nervous system pathology: Equine dysautonomia (grass sickness). Autonom. Neurosci. 99, 119-126.
  • Hudson, N.P.H., Pearson, G.T., Kitamura, N. and Mayhew, I.G. (1999) An immunohistochemical study of interstitial cells of Cajal in the equine gastrointestinal tract. Res. vet. Sci. 66, 265-271.
  • Huizinga, J.D. and Lammers, J.E.P. (2008) Gut peristalsis is governed by a multitude of cooperative mechanisms. Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. 296, G1-G8.
  • Huizinga, J.D., Farraway, L. and den Hertog, A. (1991) Generation of slow wave-like action potentials in canine colon smooth muscle cells involves a non-L-type Ca2+ conductance. J. Physiol. 442, 15-29.
  • Huizinga, J.D., Thuneberg, L., Kluppel, M., Malusz, J., Mikkelsen, H.B. and Bernstein, A. (1995) W/kit gene required for interstitial cells of Cajal and for intestinal pacemaker activity. Nature 373, 347-349.
  • Koh, S.D., Jun, J.Y., Kim, T.W. and Sanders, K.M. (2002) A Ca2+-inhibited non-selective cation conductance contributes to pacemaker currents in mouse interstitial cells of Cajal. J. Physiol. 540, 803-814.
  • Lopes, M.A.F. and Pfeiffer, C.J. (2000) Functional morphology of the equine pelvic flexure and its role in disease. A review. Histol. Histopathol. 15, 983-991.
  • Lowe, J.E., Sellers, A.F. and Brondum, J. (1980) Equine pelvic flexure impaction. A model used to evaluate motor events and compare drug response. Cornell Vet. 70, 401-412.
  • Plujà, L., Albertí, E., Fernández, E., Mikkelsen, H.M., Thuneberg, L. and Jiménez, M. (2001) Evidence supporting presence of two pacemakers in rat colon. Am. J. Physiol. 281, G255-G266.
  • Rae, M.G., Fleming, N., McGregor, D.B., Sanders, K.M. and Keef, K.D. (1998) Control of motility patterns in the human colonic circular muscle layer by pacemaker activity. J. Physiol. 510, 309-320.
  • Sanders, K.M. (1996) A case for interstitial cells of Cajal as pacemakers and mediators of neurotransmission in the gastrointestinal tract. Gastroenterol. 111, 492-515.
  • Sanders, K.M., Koh, S.D., Ördög, T. and Ward, S.M. (2004) Ionic conductances involved in generation and propagation of electrical slow waves in phasic gastrointestinal muscles. Neurogastroenterol. Motil. 16 Suppl . 1, 100-106.
  • Sellers, A.F., Lowe, J.E. and Rendano, V.T. (1984) Equine colonic motility: Interactions among wall motion, propulsion, and fluid flow. Am. J. vet. Res. 45, 357-360.
  • Sellers, A.F., Lowe, J.E., Drost, C.J., Rendano, V.T., Georgi, J.R. and Roberts, M.C. (1982) Retropulsion-propulsion in equine large colon. Am. J. vet. Res. 43, 390-396.
  • Smith, T.K., Reed, J.B. and Sanders, K.M. (1987) Interaction of two electrical pacemakers in muscularis of canine proximal colon. Am. J. Physiol. 252, C290-C299.
  • Szurszewski, J.H. (1987) Electrical basis for gastrointestinal motility. In: Physiology of the Gastrointestinal Tract, Ed: L.R. Johnson, Raven Press, New York. pp 435-466.
  • Takaki, M. (2003) Gut pacemaker cells: The interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC). J. Smooth Muscle Res. 39, 137-161.
  • Torihashi, S., Ward, S.M., Nishikawa, S.-I., Kobayahsi, S. and Sanders, K.M. (1995) C-kit-dependent development of interstitial cells and electrical activity in the murine gastrointestinal tract. Cell Tissue Res. 280, 97-111.
  • Ward, S.M., Burns, A.J., Torihashi, S. and Sanders, K.M. (1994) Mutation of the proto-oncogene c-kit blocks development of interstitial cells and electrical activity in the murine gastrointestinal tract. J. Physiol. 480, 91-97.
  • Yoneda, S., Takano, H., Nakahira, Y. and Suzuki, H. (2002) Electrical activity of submucosal pacemaker cells in the mouse proximal colon. J. Smooth Muscle Res. (Jpn Sec.) 4, J28.
  • Yoneda, S., Takano, H., Takaki, M. and Suzuki, H. (2003) Effects of nifedipine and nickel on plateau potentials generated in submucosal interstitial cells distributed n the mouse proximal colon. J. Smooth Muscle Res. 39, 55-65.