SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Abutarbush, S.M. (2006) Use of ultrasonography to diagnose large colon volvulus in horses. J. Am. vet. med. Ass. 228, 409-413.
  • Bernard, W.V., Reef, V.B., Reimer, J.M., Humber, K.A. and Orsini, J.A. (1989) Ultrasonographic diagnosis of small-intestinal intussusception in three foals. J. Am. vet. med. Ass. 194, 395-397.
  • Bithell, B., Habershon-Butcher, J.L., Bowen, I.M. and Hallowell, G.D. (2010) Repeatability and reproducibility of transabdominal ultrasonographic intestinal wall thickness measurements in thoroughbred horses. Vet. Radiol. Ultrasound 51, 647-651.
  • Blikslager, A.T. (2008) Pathophysiology of gastrointestinal disease: obstruction and strangulation. In: The Equine Acute Abdomen, 2nd edn., Eds: N.A. White, J.N. Moore and T.S. Mair, Teton Newmedia, Jackson. pp 99-115.
  • Buchanan, B.R., Sommardahl, C.S., Moore, R.R. and Donnell, R.L. (2006) What is your diagnosis? Pyloric duodenal intussusception. J. Am. vet. med. Ass. 228, 1339-1340.
  • Busoni, V., De Busscher, V., Lopez, D., Verwilghen, D. and Cassart, D. (2010) Evaluation of a protocol for fast localized abdominal sonography of horses (FLASH) admitted for colic. Vet. J. (In press). DOI:10.1016/j.tvjl.2010.02.017.
  • Cannon, J.H. and Andrews, A. (1995) Ultrasound of the equine stomach. Proc. Am. Ass. equine Practnrs. 41, 38-39.
  • Dechant, J.E., Whitcomb, M.B. and Magdesian, K.G. (2008) Ultrasonographic diagnosis- Idiopathic muscular hypertrophy of the small intestine in a miniature horse. Vet. Radiol. Ultrasound 49, 300-302.
  • Ducharme, N.G., Pascoe, P.J., Lumsden, J.H. and Ducharme, G.R. (1989) A computer-derived protocol to aid in selecting medical versus surgical treatment of horses with abdominal pain. Equine vet. J. 21, 447-450.
  • Epstein, K., Short, D., Parente, E., Reef, V. and Southwood, L. (2008) Gastrointestinal ultrasonography in normal adult ponies. Vet. Radiol. Ultrasound 49, 282-286.
  • Fischer, A.T., Jr (1997) Advances in diagnostic techniques for horses with colic. Vet. Clin. N. Am.: Equine Pract. 13, 203-219.
  • Freeman, D.E. (2008) Disease of small intestine. In: The Equine Acute Abdomen, 2nd edn., Eds: N.A. White, J.N. Moore and T.S. Mair, Teton Newmedia, Jackson. pp 594-616.
  • Freeman, S. (2002a) Ultrasonography of the equine abdomen: Findings in the colic patient. In Pract. 24, 262-273.
  • Freeman, S. (2002b) Ultrasonography of the equine abdomen: Techniques and normal findings. In Pract. 24, 204-211.
  • Freeman, S.L. (2003) Diagnostic ultrasonography of the mature equine abdomen. Equine vet. Educ. 15, 319-330.
  • Freeman, S.L., Mason, P.J. and Staley, C. (2001) Comparison of ultrasonographic and histological assessment of normal and strangulated intestine in the horse. Eur. J. Ultrasound 13, 1-35.
  • Hackett, R. (1983) Nonstrangulating colonic displacement in horses. J. Am. vet. med. Ass. 182, 235-240.
  • Hardy, J. (2008) Specific diseases of the large colon. In: The Equine Acute Abdomen, 2nd edn., Eds: N.A. White, J.N. Moore and T.S. Mair, Teton Newmedia, Jackson. pp 627-647.
  • Jones, S.L., Davis, J. and Rowlingson, K. (2003) Ultrasonographic findings in horses with right dorsal colitis: Five cases (2000-2001). J. Am. vet. med. Ass. 222, 1248-1251.
  • Kirkberger, R.M., van den Berg, J.S., Gottschalk, R.D. and Guthrie, A.J. (1995) Duodenal ultrasonography in the normal adult horse. Vet. Radiol. Ultrasound 36, 50-56.
  • Klohnen, A. (2008) Abdominal ultrasonography in the equine colic patient: A validation of the technique. Proc. ECVS. 181-185.
  • Klohnen, A., Vachon, A.M. and Fischer, A.T., Jr (1996) Use of diagnostic ultrasonography in horses with signs of acute abdominal pain. J. Am. vet. med. Ass. 209, 597-601.
  • Mair, T. (2002) Analysis of peritoneal fluid. In: Manual of Equine Gastroenterology, Eds: T. Mair, T. Divers and N. Ducharme, W.B. Saunders, Jackson. pp 16-20.
  • Mair, T.S. and Edwards, G.B. (2003) Strangulating obstructions of the small intestine. Equine vet. Educ. 15, 192-199.
  • Norman, T., Chaffin, K. and Schmitz, D. (2010) Effects of fasting and intraluminal contrast enhancement on ultrasonographic appearance of the equine small intestine. Vet. Radiol. Ultrasound 51, 642-646.
  • Pease, A.P., Scrivani, P.V., Erb, H.N. and Cook, V.L. (2004) Accuracy of increased large-intestine wall thickness during ultrasonography for diagnosing large-colon torsion in 42 horses. Vet. Radiol. Ultrasound 45, 220-224.
  • Rabba, S. and Busoni, V. (2009) Transabdominal ultrasonography in the adult horse. Ippologia 20, 5-12.
  • Rakestraw, P.C. (2008) Intestinal motility and transit. In: The Equine Acute Abdomen, 2nd edn., Eds: N.A. White, J.N. Moore and T.S. Mair, Teton Newmedia, Jackson. pp 68-91.
  • Rantanen, N.W. (1990) Renal ultrasound in the horse. Equine vet. Educ. 2, 135-136.
  • Reef, V.B. (1991) The use of diagnostic ultrasound in the horse. Ultrasound Q. 9, 1-34.
  • Reef, V.B. (1998a) Adult abdominal ultrasonography. In: Equine Diagnostic Ultrasound, Ed: V.B. Reef, W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia. pp 273-363.
  • Reef, V.B. (1998b) Pediatric abdominal ultrasonography. In: Equine Diagnostic Ultrasound, Ed: V.B. Reef, W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia. pp 364-403.
  • Reeves, M.J., Curtis, C.R., Salman, M.D., Stashak, T.S. and Reif, J.S. (1991) Multivariable prediction model for the need for surgery in horses with colic. Am. J. vet. Res. 52, 1903-1907.
  • Ross, J. (2010) Peritoneal fluid capture and analysis. In: Proceedings of the 49th Congress of the British Equine Veterinary Association. Equine Veterinary Journal Ltd., Newmarket. pp 153-154.
  • Rowe, E.L. and White, N.A. (2008) Diagnosis of gastrointestinal disease. In: The Equine Acute Abdomen, 2nd edn., Eds: N.A. White, J.N. Moore and T.S. Mair, Teton Newmedia, Jackson. pp 236-287.
  • Santschi, E.M., Slone, D.E. and Frank, W.M. (1993) Use of ultrasound for diagnosis of left dorsal displacement of the large colon and monitoring its nonsurgical correction. Vet. Surg. 22, 281-284.
  • Scharner, D., Rotting, A., Gerlach, K., Rasch, K. and Freeman, D.E. (2002) Ultrasonography of the abdomen in the horse with colic. Clin. Tech. equine Pract. 1, 118-124.
  • Scott, E.A., Heidel, J.R., Snyder, S.P., Ramirez, S. and Whither, W.A. (1999) Inflammatory bowel disease in horses: 11 cases (1988-1998). J. Am. vet. med. Ass. 214, 1527-1530.
  • Snyder, J.R., Pascoe, J.R., Olander, H.J., Spier, S.J., Meagher, D.M. and Bleifer, D.R. (1989) Strangulating volvulus of the ascending colon in horses. J. Am. vet. med. Ass. 195, 757-764.
  • Taintor, J., Steward, A.J., Christmann, U. and Beard, D. (2004) What is your diagnosis? Cecocolic intussusception. J. Am. vet. med. Ass. 225, 1829-1830.
  • Thoefner, M.B., Ersbøll, A.K. and Hesselholt, M. (2000) Prognostic indicators in a Danish hospital-based population of colic horses. Equine vet. J., Suppl. 32, 11-18.
  • Tinker, M.K., White, N.A., Lessard, P., Thatcher, C.D., Pelzer, K.D., Davis, B. and Carmel, D. (1997) Prospective study of equine colic incidence and mortality. Equine vet. J. 29, 448-453.